At what time of day the best training effects can be achieved
Sport is known to have a variety of positive effects on our health. The results of a recent study, however, these seem to depend on the time of day of training. Those who do sports early in the morning will get the best results for their health.
A research team from the School of Medicine at the University of California, Irvine (UCI) has investigated the relationship between the training effects and the timing of the training. The time of day therefore has a clear influence on the effect of the training. The study results were published in the journal "Cell Metabolism".
Effects of the time of day so far unclear
The team led by study director Paolo Sassone-Corsi has used mice to study the benefits of training at different times of the day. From previous studies it was known that the time of food intake is an important factor influencing the metabolism. However, it remains unclear whether the beneficial effects of exercise on metabolism may also be limited to certain times of the day. "Movement stimulates the metabolism and leads to an improvement in metabolic health. While the metabolic benefits of physical activity have been largely uncovered, the question of when it makes sense to exercise remains virtually unexplored, "explains study leader Paolo Sassone-Corsi.
Differences also in fat loss
"Using mice, we compared the influence of exercise on the metabolism at different times of the day," the study leader said in a UCI press release. Using transcriptomic and metabolomic analyzes, the research team identified significant differences in the metabolism of mice during training in the early resting phase (evening) or in the early active phase (morning). Thus, the morning exercise has led to a higher utilization of carbohydrates and ketone bodies as well as the breakdown of fats and amino acids. "We also found that training at the right time of the day – ie in the early morning – leads to more oxygen in the cells and rejuvenates the body," reports Sassone-Corsi.
Train in the morning!
"Our results clearly show that the time of day is a critical factor in increasing the beneficial effects of exercise on both metabolic pathways within skeletal muscle and improving systemic energy homeostasis," the study leader concluded. Those who want to achieve the greatest benefit for their health with the exercise, should therefore be active in the early morning hours. (Fp)