In Yamal, 3 influenza strains circulate in the current epidemiological season for the incidence of influenza and acute respiratory infections.
As of April 17, 259 cases of laboratory-confirmed influenza have been detected in the Autonomous Okrug since the beginning of the year. Half of them are for children under 14 years old. As for the variety of strains, 123 cases fall on influenza B, 70 – pig, 66 – Hong Kong influenza.
“A full bouquet has been fixed on Yamal – all three influenza strains circulating in this epidemic season. On the territory of the district, on April 16, the situation on morbidity stabilized, except for Salekhard. In Nadym district, a two-week holiday of schoolchildren helped to avoid an epidemic in schools. In the capital of the county, the flu came in last place, mostly children suffer, five months of winter and spring immunodeficiency affected. For a week in Salekhard hospitalized 36 people, more than a third of them kids up to two years. Influenza virus was found in 16 cases, 9 in Hong Kong, influenza B in 5, and 2 in pork. The situation is managed and is under control of the Rospotrebnadzor administration in the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, “noted the chief sanitary doctor Lyudmila Nechepurenko.
According to her, patients with pneumonia come to the hospitals of the district every week. Only in the last week 68 cases of pneumonia were detected, including 5 cases of severe degree, 65 – of medium severity. 23 cases of pneumonia were registered in children.
“Basically, these are complications after influenza in unvaccinated patients. Pneumonia is moderate and severe. This is a common and very serious complication after the flu. Pneumonia can develop due to the direct entry of the influenza virus into the lungs or when a bacterial infection develops during the flu. If you have a persistent cough or fever, or shortness of breath, or chest pain – especially if these symptoms supplement the flu – you should definitely consult a doctor. You can not self-medicate, it can end in a fatal outcome. Once again I will remind you that antibiotics can help with bacterial pneumonia, but they can not help with viral pneumonia, “Yamal Chief Sanitary Doctor warns.
Lyudmila Nechepurenko reminds: to avoid bacterial pneumonia, ask your doctor about the possibility of introducing pneumococcal vaccine to you. Currently, there are 2 types of pneumococcal vaccine: pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV) for adults and pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) for children.