Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran, sees his country as the victor.(Photo: picture alliance / dpa)
Saturday, 03. November 2018
One makes use of a movie poster look, the other makes use of a speech for striking words against the "vanquished". US President Trump provokes sharp verbal reactions from Iran's spiritual leader, Chamenei, with the announcement of new sanctions.
Iran's spiritual leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has sharply attacked US President Donald Trump shortly before the entry into force of new US sanctions against his country. Trump has "shamed the remnants of America's prestige and liberal democracy," Chamenei told Twitter. Moreover, America's economic and military strength is dwindling. Iran will also emerge from the current conflict "victorious," Khamenei assured.
Chamenei quoted on Twitter excerpts from a speech he had delivered in Tehran. The dispute between Washington and Teheran has been going on for over 40 years, said the Spiritual Head. During this time, the US would have made "many efforts" against Iran – "military, economic and media warfare". However, in this fight, the US is the "vanquished".
US sanctions would aim to bring Iran's economy to a halt and keep the country backward. However, this has triggered a "movement for economic independence" in Iran. "Our youth, all over the country, support independence, some may not be so religious, but they are sensitive to alien rule."
The US will put new massive sanctions on Iran into force at 6:00 am CET on Monday. They are primarily directed against the oil and banking industry. According to Washington, measures against Iranian banks include their expulsion from the international payment system Swift. Also affected are companies from third countries that do business with Iran. However, there should be derogations for eight third countries; EU countries are not among them.
EU defends itself against US sanctions
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said the sanctions should lead Iran to abandon its nuclear program. "This part of the campaign is designed to deprive the regime of the funds it uses to spread death and destruction in the world," he said Friday. Trump had canceled the nuclear deal in May and started the return to suspended sanctions. On Friday he tweeted a picture of himself in the style of the TV series "Game of Thrones" with the text: "Sanctions come on 5 November".
Iran sanctions were effective in previous years and were suspended in 2015 under the Iran Limits Agreement. Trump unilaterally terminated what he considered to be a flawed nuclear agreement in May and called for the reinstatement of earlier sanctions. Part of it has been valid since August.
The European Union, which has also signed the agreement, such as China, has been trying for months to at least partially reverse Iran sanctions. EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini and the foreign ministers of Germany, France and the United Kingdom on Friday regretted the US withdrawal and the imposition of sanctions "profoundly". The nuclear agreement "works and fulfills its purpose," they emphasized.
In a joint statement, they also stated that European companies with legitimate trade interests in Iran should be protected. In addition, in the spirit of the nuclear agreement with Russia and China is increasingly working to keep the financial channels open for Iran and oil and gas exports can be continued.
Russia: Destructive action of the USA
Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas tweeted that he had promised his Iranian counterpart the support for the agreement as long as Iran adhered to the agreements. Germany was ready to undertake "intensive efforts" for this.
Russia also criticized the tightened US sanctions: "We condemn the destructive action of the United States," said the Russian Foreign Ministry in Moscow. All international efforts to preserve the nuclear agreement with Tehran would be destroyed. "We reject all unilateral sanctions bypassing the UN Security Council," the statement said. The problem is that the punitive measures could also hit Iranian partners. If the US wanted to prevent Iran from nuclear weapons, they should negotiate with it.
Meanwhile, Iran announced mass production of the state-developed fighter aircraft Kosar. At the broadcasting ceremony broadcast by state television, Defense Minister Amir Hatami said the air force would soon receive the required number of aircraft. He did not name numbers. The plane should be able to be armed differently according to Iranian statements and is intended for short-term use. Military experts consider it a copy of the 1960s American F-5. The Iranian Air Force has only a few dozen combat aircraft. These are Russian models or old US types bought before the 1979 revolution.