Indian doctors advocated a revision of blood pressure levels to 130/80 or lower from the current 140/90, citing new US and European guidelines.
C. Venkata S. Ram, Senior Consultant at Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad, and founding member of the American Society of Hypertension, believes that blood pressure levels greater than 130/80 should be considered as a "warning sign" of impending disease progression and hypertension complications.
The Indian Hypertension Guidelines, published in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India in 2013, define blood pressure levels between 130-139 / 80-89 as "high normal", 120-129 / under 80 as "normal" and below 120 / below 80 as "optimal".
With such guidelines, many physicians regard View Views as slightly below 140/90 – for example, 137/88 – as acceptable.
"That needs to change, the target should be 130/80 or below," said Ram, who argued in a commentary published Sunday in the Indian Heart Journal that 130-80 was the "non-negotiable therapy goal." for Indians.
Hypertension is the most common public health problem that contributes to the maximum number of deaths and illnesses. Our understanding of hypertension has been dynamic, and concepts need to be redefined over time with new evidence and discoveries.
Untreated high blood pressure can lead to an increased incidence of heart disease in individuals, stroke and even life-threatening kidney damage.
Studies have shown that only about half of Indian hypertensive patients are diagnosed on time. Even if a patient is diagnosed with blood pressure, they have been observed to be under-treated for various reasons.
In November 2017, expert groups from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association converted to 130/80 as a common treatment goal, and the European Society of Cardiology and the European Society of Hypertension confirmed the same observation in 2018.
These guidelines are receiving greater response in the context of India, which is heavily burdened by numerous cases of unaddressed or poorly treated hypertension.
According to cardiologists, a revision of blood pressure to a target of 130/80 would dramatically increase the viability of the thousands of patients who need to measure and control their blood pressure.
While reading blood pressure is a critical step that is repeated for reliability and confirmation, not all cases of blood pressure will require medical attention.