It killed 14 people… Ending a “revenge feud” that lasted half a century in Egypt

The feud began in 1975 between the Al-Arab and Al-Hawara families, who live in the villages of Hamra Dom and Naga Al-Sheikh Noureddine in the Naga Hammadi Center, as a result of a quarrel in which one of the two families was killed. The second similarly, until the area was popularly called “the region of blood and fire.”

The situation continued, according to eyewitnesses, until the two families were equal in the number of dead, ie 7 from each side, which was relied on by those who launched the peace initiative recently to convince both sides of the need to spare blood.

Hatem Sabry from the village of Hamra Dom, one of the parties to the dispute, told Sky News Arabia: “We have lived through the cycle of blood for 47 years relentlessly. Look, and whoever comes to reconciliation and finds rejection do not try again.”

Sabri added: “A year ago, the reconciliation men, led by Senator Osama Al-Hawari, put forward an initiative. He used to come on a daily basis to the two villages to reconcile between the two parties, which made us respond because we sensed that they were serious, and we completed the reconciliation at the Nagaa Hammadi police station, and we found a great welcome from the security in order to end the rivalry. And stopping bullets, which we have been accustomed to since 1975, so that we were in the two villages, we did not know who of us would die or would have the turn tomorrow.”

On the other hand, Maher Saber, a member of the Reconciliation Committee in Qena Governorate, told Sky News Arabia, “Stopping the blood requires determination and patience, and this is what the Reconciliation Committee did this time. We did not calm down and used to go to the two villages on a daily basis until dawn to end fertility and other things.” Retaliatory disputes, especially since the two parties were often forced to commit crimes of revenge, because they did not find anyone to stop the blood wheel, whether by (al-qodah), that is, carrying the shroud of the opponent to his opponent, asking for forgiveness, or with consent to the rulings of the judiciary.

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Atfi Al-Sayed, from Nagaa Sheikh Noureddine, also one of the parties to the dispute, said, “It is the first time in decades that we shake hands with the other party. We went together to the Nagaa Hammadi police station to document the agreement, pledge peace, locate it, and turn the page on blood that harvested the best sons of the two villages, and he was tried because of it. Dozens. There are those who have been sentenced to death or life imprisonment. The sounds of screaming did not stop in the two villages.”

On the reasons for the continuation of the revenge feud for nearly half a century, Atallah Muhammad of the Reconciliation Committee told Sky News Arabia: “There were those who fueled the feud, once with tribalism and another on the part of arms dealers who wanted to sell it to the two villages, and the victims were the sons of the two villages, but By the grace of God, we, as a reconciliation committee, were able to stop the bloodbath and reconcile between the two families, while waiting for a large robbery to be set up in which the parties of the two villages will meet soon after signing the reconciliation documents.

Egyptian Senator Osama Al-Hawari told Sky News Arabia, “This reconciliation required a continuous effort for a year to convince the parties to the conflict of the importance of peace for them and their children. As a result of this mutual and continuous revenge, the development wheel in the two villages and other areas of Upper Egypt was disrupted, which prevented Children have many of their rights provided by development.

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Al-Hawari explained that “there are sufficient guarantees that the conciliation will not be reversed again, the first of which is the conviction of the two parties that they have lost a lot of revenge, as well as the submission of legal papers to consider the retrial of those convicted in those retaliatory disputes,” noting that “the necessary approval is being obtained from the police.” To establish a large pavilion in the village of Hamra Dom, in the presence of senior men of Upper Egypt, to complete the peace and turn that dark page.”

It should be noted that the principle of revenge is widespread in Upper Egypt, and the drama has often dealt with it in artistic works, the most famous of which is the series “Wolves of the Mountain”, which achieved great popularity when it was first shown in 1992.