The victims of JACK the Ripper were NOT prostitutes, it was claimed.

Dr. Hallie Rubenhold says the Ripper has targeting poor workers such as servants and laundresses – contrary to the long-held conviction that his victims are sex workers.

    Jack the Ripper murdered five women in 1888 in Whitechapel

PA: Press association pictures

Jack the Ripper murdered five women in 1888 in Whitechapel

Dr. Rubenhold writes the first comprehensive story of the victims who were killed in 1888 and says they have been "dehumanized" for 130 years.

She says the stories of the victims have been changed in the course of history because of "sexism".

She told The Sunday Telegraph, "We glorify the Ripper, we have a whole industry based on Jack the Ripper, a fascination for him, an unresolved murder mystery that lasts for 130 years.

"We committed ourselves to that and never really thought of the women they were when they were killed."

Dr. Rubenhold says at least three of the women are not prostitutes – and there is no evidence that those who had previously been paid for sex sought their assassination.

The historian discovered that one of the women lived in the residence of a friend of the Prince of Wales – before moving to a rehabilitation center for alcoholism.


  1. Mary Ann Nichols – Friday, August 31, 1888
  2. Annie Chapman – Saturday, September 8, 1888
  3. Elizabeth Stride – Sunday, September 30, 1888
  4. Catherine Stride – Sunday, September 30, 1888
  5. Mary Jane Kelly – Friday, November 9, 1888


  • Emma Elizabeth Smith – Tuesday, April 3, 1888
  • Martha Tabram – Tuesday, August 7, 1888

Another victim moved from Sweden to London in search of a better life and spent most of her time working with her husband in a café in Poplar.

For decades, many enthusiasts have tried to solve the mystery of the Ripper's identity.

Dr. Rubenhold said, "We never questioned nineteenth-century orthodoxy – the world in which they were killed was a world in which women were disrespected and treated as second-class citizens.

"We never changed that story – it was overlooked by society.

    Despite countless investigations, the motifs of Jack the Rippers are still unknown


Despite countless investigations, the motifs of Jack the Rippers are still unknown

"They were poor, workers – one of them was more bourgeois – they got married and had children, they were mothers and they were women.

"When they fell for hard times, they worked in the laundry, they worked as servants … but the accepted narrative is that all five were prostitutes and that he was a prostitute killer.

"Dr. Rubenhold says sexism in history is why these women were called prostitutes."

She added, "We have to question a lot about our stories in the story – misogyny and sexism go very deep.

"These are five women who have been completely dehumanized by our culture for 130 years, we need to restore balance."

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