John Pinto, an American Indian senator and one of the last "code talkers", has died at 94 years old. The American natives they played a decisive role during the Second World War.
This man came from a family of pastors and was elected senator by a constituency that included part of the 'Nation of the Navajos', the great reserve of the tribe to which he belonged. Legend states that on the day of his first inauguration, in 1977, John Pinto arrived in the New Mexico Senate by hitchhiking, and that on another occasion another senator, Manny Aragon, took charge of him in a snowstorm.
Committed to the Marines, he joined, during the Second World War, with the "Code Talks", a group of American Indian soldiers used for communications on the front of the Peaceful. The idea had been successfully tested during the First World War by the Americans in France, before the system was deployed on a large scale during the conflict with Japan.
Inspired by the Indian languages
The code used was inspired by the Indian languages, very little known outside the United States and that the Japanese had many problems to decipher, unlike all previous US codes that did.
The role and importance of these Navajo, Comanche, Hopi or Meskwakis "coders" were recognized very late by the United States. In 1970 a policy of eradication of Native American culture was carried out. If the Navajos were honored in 2000, veterans from other tribes had to wait until 2013 to receive the Gold Medal from Congress. The Navajo Nation's president, Jonathan Nez, paid tribute to John Pinto on his Twitter account, greeting "a state servant, a code talker and a man linked to his family."