According to the latest reports from the Ministry of Health (MINSA), so far this year there have been more than 38,000 cases of pneumonia in children under 5 years and adults over 65 years. The main infectious causes of death in people over 65 years of age include pneumonia and influenza. Therefore, immunization in this age group is a priority for public health and within the recommended vaccines, the pneumococcal vaccine is included. According to the last Epidemiological Bulletin, up to week 40 of 2018, 22,875 episodes of pneumonia have been reported in children under 5 years of age, 12.8% more compared to the same period of 2017, and 247 deaths were recorded. On the other hand, there are 15,739 episodes of pneumonia in those over 60 years of age reported, 23.6% more than what was reported in 2017 at the same time period, and 1005 deaths.
In the specific case of the adult population, pneumonia can be a major burden since adults suffering from this disease can have important consequences due to infection. For example, they could present potential complications, such as respiratory failure, which requires a ventilator or ventilator and septicemia, which is a condition in which there is uncontrolled inflammation in the body that can cause widespread organ failure. Symptoms, such as weakness, difficulty breathing and fatigue, may also take several weeks to disappear. Oscar Gayoso, pulmonologist and former president of the Peruvian Society of Pneumology, said that most cases of this disease could be prevented by vaccinating the population at risk because studies show that vaccination decreases the number of episodes of respiratory infection. Although pneumonia occurs mostly in low-temperature seasons, the specialist recommends staying alert throughout the year. Every November 12th, the World Day against Pneumonia is celebrated and this has become an important moment in which organizations worldwide unite to generate conversation about the disease, promote interventions to prevent and treat it, as well as to take measures destined to fight it. (Text and photos sent through the WhatsApp of La República 941 000 000). .


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.