MOSCOW, January 14. / TASS /. The question of Russia's sovereignty over the Kuril Islands is not discussed.
This was announced on Monday after talks with Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov.
“We drew the attention of our friends from Japan to the fact that sovereignty issues over the islands are not being discussed. This is the territory of the Russian Federation,” he stressed.
At the same time, Lavrov stated that between Moscow and Tokyo "significant differences" remain in the issue of a peace treaty. “The positions were initially diametrically opposed, we have repeatedly spoken about this, but the political will of our leaders to fully normalize relations between Russia and Japan prompts us to intensify this dialogue,” the Russian Foreign Minister said.
Results of the Second World War
The diplomat added that in order to advance on the issue of a peace treaty with Russia, Japan must recognize the results of the Second World War in full, including Russia's sovereignty over all the islands of the South Kuril Ridge.
"We today confirmed our readiness to work on the basis of the declaration of 1956, which means above all the immutability of the very first step – recognition by our Japanese neighbors of the results of World War II in full, including the sovereignty of the Russian Federation over all the islands of the South Kuril chain, especially since in the UN Charter and in numerous documents that were signed as part of the end of the Second World War, in particular, on September 2, 1945, and in a number of subsequent documents, "he said." This is our basic position. I, and without a step in this direction, it is very difficult to count on any progress on other issues. "
Lavrov indicated that he outlined the Russian position on the results of World War II in great detail.
"Recalled that in addition to San Francisco [мирного] contracts other than other documents and [Советско-японской] The 1956 Declaration, which, together with the San Francisco Treaty, forms a single whole and brings the final line under World War II, is also such an important document as the UN Charter. It contains Article 107, which recognizes the results of the Second World War in the form in which the allies issued them, as unshakable. We recalled this in detail today to our Japanese colleagues, and I did not hear any objections. "
Work on a peace treaty
The Russian Foreign Minister added that Russia is ready to move towards a common understanding with Japan on the conclusion of a peace treaty.
"This is a very difficult task, but we have the willingness and patience to move towards a common understanding," he said. "We believe that a qualitative improvement in our interaction will take him to the phase of trusting partnership, will contribute to the achievement of that goal which was set by Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Let me remind you that they were in favor of finding such a solution to the problem of a peace treaty that will be unequivocally supported and accepted by the peoples of our countries. "
Lavrov said that the deputy heads of foreign ministries of both countries "will continue specific contacts, clarifying each other’s positions, and we will report on how their orders are carried out by the next summit between President Putin and Prime Minister Abe, which is expected this month."
The Russian Foreign Minister mentioned another important aspect, in his words, that "concerns security cooperation". "Because the declaration of 1956 consisted in conditions when Japan did not have a military alliance agreement with the United States," he explained. "This agreement was concluded in 1960, and, strictly speaking, after this, our Japanese colleagues withdrew from the implementation of the 1956 declaration Now, when we return to the conversation on the basis of the declaration of 1956, we, of course, must take into account that since then the situation with regard to the military alliances of Japan has changed drastically. "
"We paid attention today at the talks to the actions that the United States is taking to develop its global missile defense system in Japanese territory – actions that are aimed at militarizing this part of the globe, and actions that the United States formally justifies by the need to neutralize the North Korean nuclear threat, as they call it, but in reality – actions that pose risks to the security of Russia and China, "Lavrov stressed.
Russia and Japan have agreed to work out new projects for joint economic activities in the Kuril Islands.
“We have agreed that more ambitious projects will be worked out in the area of the relevant departments so that the joint economic activity will be visibly embodied,” Lavrov said.
The Russian Foreign Minister believes that "in the economy, especially in the investment sphere, one can do immeasurably more than what is being done now." "The agreement, which was reached a couple of years ago between the President of the Russian Federation and the Prime Minister of Japan, on the organization of joint economic activities in the southern Kuril Islands is being implemented, but in very, very modest, unimpressive dimensions," he added. "Five projects have been planned far from breakthrough areas. Today we have drawn the attention of our Japanese colleagues to this. "
“We also said that a number of large contractual documents that are under discussion cannot be materialized for many years,” Lavrov continued. “In particular, it’s about the need to begin formal negotiations on an agreement on trade liberalization and investment on the agreement on expanding cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear energy, on a new agreement on cooperation in space on the use of outer space for peaceful purposes, on an agreement on social security and, of course , about overcoming obstacles in moving towards a visa-free regime. "
San Francisco Peace Treaty
Japan, which was occupied by US troops, was given the opportunity to conclude a peace treaty with the winners at the international conference in San Francisco in September 1951. Tokyo signed a peace treaty with 48 countries – participants of the anti-fascist coalition, thereby giving up "all rights, legal grounds and claims to the Kuril Islands". However, the document did not specify in favor of which state Japan refuses the territories. In addition, representatives of a number of countries affected by Japanese aggression (first of all, China) were not invited to the conference, as a result of which the Soviet delegation that arrived at the conference refused to sign the peace treaty, finding it unauthorized.
1956 Soviet-Japanese Declaration
At a meeting in Singapore on November 14, Russian President Vladimir Putin and Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe agreed to step up Russian-Japanese talks on concluding a peace treaty based on the Joint Declaration of October 19, 1956. It provided for the termination of the state of war between the two states, the restoration of diplomatic and consular relations. In the ninth article of the declaration, the Soviet government agreed to transfer to Japan the islands of Shikotan and a number of adjacent small uninhabited islands, which in Tokyo call Habomai, with the proviso that their actual transfer to Tokyo’s control would be made after the conclusion of a peace treaty.
The declaration was ratified by the parliaments of both countries on December 8, 1956, but in response to the conclusion of the Japanese-American Security Treaty in 1960, the USSR annulled the obligations on the transfer of the islands. The memorandum of the Soviet government dated January 27, 1960 states that these islands will be transferred to Japan only if all foreign troops are withdrawn from its territory.
The minister also said that Moscow and Tokyo will be working on new projects for joint economic activities in the Kuril Islands.