Lebanon… Declining marriage and birth rates threatens social life

According to a study prepared by “International Information” (a local statistical bulletin) published in February 2021, it stated that “the economic crisis and the outbreak of the Corona epidemic left their repercussions on the situation in Lebanon, so thousands of institutions were closed, thousands of workers were dismissed, the commercial movement shrank by 45%, and the purchasing power declined due to the rise in prices and the collapse of The exchange rate of the lira against foreign currencies.

The study added at the time that “one of the social repercussions is a decline in the rates of marriage and births in 2020 compared to 2019 and compared to the average of the last five years (2015-2019), while death rates have increased.”

The decline in the vitality of the Lebanese people

In this context, sources with religious references in most sects in Lebanon told Sky News Arabia that marriage transactions have stopped in part because people do not actually guarantee the future due to the current circumstances, but this varies according to sects and regions.

One of the “mayors” of the capital, Beirut, said: “We cannot say that the transactions of marriage and marriage contracts have stopped completely, but we are certain that the number of these transactions has decreased seriously and significantly.”

Milk and diapers crisis!!

Ziyad, an engineer at the beginning of his career, said to Sky News Arabia: “It is natural for a young man to think a lot before getting married at the beginning, and having children at a later time. This is due to social and economic responsibility, starting with securing a decent housing in the worst economic crisis that Lebanon is going through.” In its history, all the way to childbearing and raising children and securing supplies and food for newborns, such as milk, diapers and medical care, are almost missing from pharmacies, and if they are found, their prices are high.”

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The young woman, Laila Ibrahim, said: “Pregnancy, childbirth and motherhood are, in principle, a beautiful thing, but it requires me to leave my work, which I need with my husband to pay the premiums due to us. Therefore, we are not currently thinking about having children until we see how we will continue our lives… and where?”

Medical shrinkage and closing of maternity wards

Pierre Al-Nakhl, a doctor who specializes in obstetrics and gynecology, said in an exclusive interview with Sky News Arabia: “What is happening in Lebanon in the decline in the birth rate is due to the reluctance of young men and women to marry and form a family due to the economic situation.”

He added: “From a medical point of view, the decline in the level of deliveries is reflected in the readiness of the medical staff, which prompted many hospitals to close their maternity wards.”

Al-Nakhl added: “From here it is necessary to pay attention, if the crisis prolongs in Lebanon, it is feared that demographic changes will be witnessed in cities in particular and in some specific societies, where the birth rate will decrease and will also decline in rural societies, but at a lower level.”

The Lebanese towards voluntary sterility!

And the doctor continued: “Talking about turning the country into “voluntary infertility,” as it has been rumored for some time, is an inaccurate term, and there are no accurate statistics about the decline in the birth rate until then, but there is what we call “birth planning,” taking into account that the decline in the birth rate A global phenomenon, including what is expected and what is unexpected, and the latter is subject to social changes and the economic factor currently has priority, which is responsible for delaying the age of marriage for both sexes due to the economic burdens on any two persons who are about to marry, especially in Lebanon.

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He pointed out that “the matter is important for women who are currently changing their social position, as their educational level has increased, which delays the age of marriage further, reduces the birth rate and increases infertility cases as a result of some diseases with age in both sexes and thus affects fertility.”



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