THE official detention centers, those managed by Department for the fight against illegal migration which nominally reports to the government Al Sarraj, have a capacity of 4-6 thousand people. In Libya there are, according to the latest estimates, 600 thousand migrants but only 200 thousand they would be ready to go to Europe. THE'International Organization for Migration resize the figures circulating for months on the situation in Libya. But the offensive launched by Khalifa Haftar on Tripoli amplifies the risk of mass departures, as pointed out by the premier Giuseppe Conte in yesterday's interview with Everyday occurrence. And the citizens themselves could also take to the sea Libyans: they were 17 of the 70 people landed on Thursday in Lampedusa.
Detention centers, including rape, violence, murder and extortion
There are 35 detention centers managed by the DCIM, "even if the number is never constant – explains to IlFattoQuotidiano.it the director of the IOM Mediterranean Coordination Office, Federico Soda – At the moment, there are about twenty open ones and even fewer those that the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and IOM have access to ". These are the so-called "official" centers referred to by European government leaders and for the management of which the EU and Italy have allocated millions of euros to the Al Sarraj government. However, money did not prevent these centers from becoming gods lager where there is no room for respect of the human rights, between lack of food, very serious hygienic-sanitary situations, lack of access to care, violence, rapes, murders, torture and extortion against immigrants. As established by several judgments issued by Italian courts. "This is because the centers that should formally be managed by the authority of Tripoli are actually in the hands of militias lined up with the government of Al Sarraj ", explains Soda.
Although establishing how many people are in unacknowledged detention centers is an almost impossible undertaking, given that the buying and selling of human beings is much more widespread there and anyone with a well-protected fund can decide to turn it into a prison for migrants , according to the OIM, most of the detainees are in illegal facilities: "The capacity of the official centers currently in operation – explains Soda – is around the 4 thousand-6 thousand units, even if we are talking about centers that are always overcrowded. But according to the latest estimates, they would be in Libya today 600 thousand migrants. If you look at the origin, you will see that about the 50% of them is represented by Egyptians, Chadians and Nigerien, nationalities that represent a narrow minority among those who are arrived in Europe through Libya in recent years. This tells us that the country, despite the instability that has characterized it since 2011, remains above all a Destination is not transit, where many immigrants come to work. This halves the number of those aspiring to cross the Mediterranean. If we add to these the approximately 40 thousand that we witnessed in the voluntary repatriation process between 2017 and 2018, then we go down further just above the 200 thousand". According to the IOM, this is the real number of migrants who would like to face the crossing: "Data a lot resized compared to the figures provided by some governments. Numbers that could still fall if evacuation and repatriation projects were implemented ".
Already hundreds of migrants in detention centers have suffered the consequences of the new military escalation. As he wrote Al Jazeera who heard some of them, in some cases those who run the centers had to flee for not being involved in the battle and hundreds of people remained closed in the prisons without supplies: "The food warehouse is empty – a man told the broadcaster panaraba – the war goes on and we have remained without water or electricity ". In addition to the fear of dying inside the Libyan hell, another fear of migrants is to be Bestsellers to other traffickers and to continue this detention indefinitely. Those who manage to escape from the camps could attempt a desperate crossing of the Mediterranean as soon as possible. To these, if a humanitarian emergency arose or if the capital was completely overwhelmed by the advance of Haftar, they could also be added thousands of Libyans affected by the conflict, as revealed by the President of the Council, Giuseppe Conte, in an interview with Everyday occurrence and as demonstrated by the presence of 17 Libyan migrants on a boat with 70 people on board intercepted in the past few days off Lampedusa. "We will send them all home," said Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, but the worsening of the conflict makes it difficult to consider Libya as a safe haven. A circumstance that could make it impossible to stop the bleeding of people arriving on the Sicilian coasts.
The millions of Italy and the EU for the management of the Libyan lagers
The criminal management of official detention centers has a cost that is also supported by the money that the European Union and Italy have transferred to the Sarraj government. The funds that arrived in Tripoli from Brussels, according to the latest figures released, would amount to 266 million of euros that would be part of the European Trust Fund for Africa which has an expected final budget that exceeds the 4 billion euros for the whole continent. More than half of these 266 million, according to the data analyzed by Openpolis, have been invested for the security issue that concerns almost all the management of the detention centers and the border control. Not surprisingly, at the "Support to integrated border and migration management"For the management of the Libyan borders had been dedicated 46.3 million already in July 2017. About 12.5 million would instead have ended up financing and supporting the Libyan coast guard for patrolling the national waters facing the coasts in the hands of Sarraj.
To this outlay, for which Italy is one of the major contributors second only to Germany, must be added the support provided directly by Rome after the signing of the Italy-Libya memorandum of 2 February 2017. The agreement provided for the supply of vehicles and materials and the training of Tripoli Coast Guard officers. This commitment has been translated into 12 patrol boats, training of officers and financing for boat maintenance, with the Gorgona ship-workshop and its crew anchored in Tripoli. These investments should also be added 5 million of euros that in 2017, according to what was claimed by journalistic inquiries, Rome would have turned to the al-Sarraj government to check the departures from the Libyan coasts. Money ended up in the hands of Dabbashi clan, a militia led by former trafficker Ahmed Al Dabbashi who thus recycled himself as a manager of migration flows, imprisoning thousands of people within the camps.