The go-ahead arrived late at night. Sergio Mattarella has signed the authorization to transmit to Parliament the budget law put together, not without torment, by the government. A discounted passage, given that the text was for days largely known by the offices of the Colle. In short: there are no obvious elements of unconstitutionality, even if the concerns and doubts that the head of state has had on certain chapters of this maneuver since the first gestation are known. Reserves that had increased during the most febrile spread performance.

Two for him are the critical aspects, on which he has repeatedly exercised repeated attempts of "moral persuasion" with Palazzo Chigi, granting however on the same subject also different public sorties. On the one hand the need to calibrate prudently and with a sense of responsibility the balances of the measures summarized in the hundreds (abundant) of articles of the text, to avoid the country going out of the way in terms of financial balance and debt sustainability. On the other hand, the imperative need to use caution and measure in the negotiations between Rome and Brussels, to avoid further tensions or tears and instead seek an agreement.

But was the presidential signature really inevitable in a similar passage? Is it always a due act? It can be said that in substance it is, even if on this kind of steps it has been sustained and made of everything, in doctrine and in practice. This is demonstrated by some precedents of bills of which the Colle allowed the transit to the Parliamentary Halls, but accompanied the endorsement with some request for clarification or better coordination in the name of loyal collaboration between institutions.

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The Lega and 5 Stelle maneuver arrives at the Chambers: news and postponements
The nodes

An example that comes to mind is July 2, 2008, when the then president Giorgio Napolitano wanted to accompany his signature on the controversial award Alfano with a letter in which he explained how and why he came to that determination. This time the question is very different and concerns topics that have become almost a nuisance, for Mattarella. Without having to search the archives for his actions in the last few weeks, just the message he sent yesterday, "World Savings Day", to the president of ACRI Giuseppe Guzzetti. A message in which it is impossible not to grasp the fear that private savings are put at risk, injuring the freedom of citizens, to heal public debt. The head of state writes: "The savings of families represent a whole element of strength that must be carefully protected. Together with the balance of public budgets – expressly referred to by the Constitution in Article 47 – it is an essential condition for the exercise of the effective sovereignty of the country ". And this sign seems explicitly aimed at those who launch unwary sovranistic slogans.

Now, if for Mattarella the people of the savers it constitutes "an enormous value for the stability of the Italian economic-financial system", a new and greater commitment also affects the banks and financial intermediaries. Together with institutions and politics, they should manage savings transparently, in order to make it "the engine of responsible and sustainable development". And development in turn needs "initiatives directed at the growth of the real economy". Here is the latest memorandum that the president allows himself, a few hours before signing the bill. Now that the maneuver will begin the parliamentary process, it will abstain from intervening.

31 October 2018 (change 31 October 2018 | 23:23)




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