According to WHO, the incidence of leukemia accounts for 31.5 percent of all cancers in children under the age of 15 in industrialized countries. While as many as 15.7 percent in developing countries including Indonesia.
Data from Globocan (Global Burden of Cancer) in 2018 estimates that new cases of leukemia in Indonesia in boys aged 0-19 years, around 33.5 percent and girls 31 percent of all types of cancer in children.
Chairman of the Indonesian Cancer Foundation, Prof. DR. dr. Aru Wisaksono Sudoyo, Sp.PD-KHOM, FINASIM, FACP said, considering that not a few leukemias or cancers are found in children, the application of a healthy lifestyle and knowledge about early detection of childhood leukemia and cancer is very important.
“Because cancer can be cured or the risk of death reduced, if found at an early stage and treated quickly and appropriately. This needs to be a serious concern for all elements of society, especially because cancer treatment at an advanced stage is very expensive and difficult,” added Prof. aru.
Head of Division III Education and Extension YKI, dr. Yurni Satria, M. Phil, MHA said that the symptoms of leukemia in children tend to be very vague and resemble the symptoms of ordinary minor illnesses.
“By understanding better the early characteristics of leukemia in children, it can be immediately treated and treated and even cured, therefore YKI held training for early detection of leukemia and cancer in children for general practitioners and analysts,” said dr. Yuri.
The symptoms of leukemia to watch out for are high fever, paleness, bone pain, skin bleeding that turns bluish, bruising, abnormal bleeding such as nosebleeds and in the gums, decreased appetite, weight loss, lumps in the neck, armpits, groin without pain, weak and tired.
“If you find a child’s condition such as these symptoms, immediately check with a health facility,” said dr. Yuri.
“If the above symptoms are accompanied by enlargement of the liver and spleen, then the patient must be immediately examined for blood by examining the smear and if young white blood cells or blast cells are found, the patient must be referred to a higher health facility,” concluded dr. Yuri Satria.