Public health officials on Monday declared a measles outbreak in Los Angeles County after confirming at least five cases among the residents, as well as the first cases of the disease's transmission within the district this year.
The five confirmed cases do not relate to previously reported incidents involving county infection, mainly at Los Angeles International Airport, and do not include cases that may have been identified in Long Beach or Pasadena, according to the LA County Department of Public Health in a press release.
Four of the local patients are linked to each other after international travel, and the fifth person also became ill after leaving the country.
Most patients were unvaccinated, authorities said.
The following sites have been identified as sites for potential exposure to the grid:
• LAX: One patient arrived at Tom Bradley International Terminal Gate 218 on April 1 from 6:30 am to 9:00 pm.
• UCLA: Franz Hall on 2, 4 and 9 April and Boelter Hall on 2 and 9 April, 10 am to 6 pm.
• CSU Los Angeles: Main Library on April 11 from 11am to 3pm.
• La Cañada Flintridge: El Pollo Loco at Verdugo Blvd 1939 on 11 April from 14:00 to 16:30
• Glendale: El Sauz Tacos at San Fernando Road 4432 on 13th April from 13:30. until 4 pm
At present, measles risk is not known at any of the above places, but anyone who was present during that time could be at risk of infection.
By last Thursday, 23 measles cases had been confirmed in California this year, according to the State Department of Public Health. This number does not include the new cases confirmed in the L.A.
Nationwide, 626 cases have been confirmed since 1 January, according to the Centers for the Control and Prevention of Diseases.
The Agency says that this is the second highest number of cases in the US since measles was eliminated in 2000, and it tends to outperform the 667 cases reported throughout 2014.
People who have not yet been vaccinated and those with weakened immune systems are at the highest risk.
Symptoms include fever, cough, runny nose and red eyes. According to the health authorities, a rash usually occurs 10 to 21 days after exposure.
If you have not developed any symptoms 21 days after the potential exposure, there is no longer any risk of developing measles.
Infected people can infect other people before they know they are infected and up to four days before a rash develops. According to the authorities, about 90 percent of unvaccinated people get sick 7 to 21 days after exposure.
Public health officials urge anyone who is not fully immunized against measles to fully vaccinate with two doses of vaccine.
For more information about the Infection and Immunization Directives, call 211 or visit the district's public health website