The United States Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA, for its acronym in English) It once again placed Mexico as the "main source" of heroin to the United States, responsible for 91% of the drug that arrives in the country. The most recent report of the US agency, entitled Evaluation on the Threats of Drug Trafficking, continued to place the Mexican drug and drug cartels as the main threats.
"The new DEA report confirms that the drug cartels (…) are flooding our communities with drugs," said Attorney General Jeff Sessions.
"Mexico remains the main source of heroin available in the United States," the DEA said in its report.
Far from shrinking, heroin production in Mexico continues to rise to alarming levels for the United States. According to the DEA calculations, in 2017 there were 44,100 hectares of poppy cultivation, 38% more than the previous year. Cocaine production soared to 111 tons, 37% more than in 2016.
"The significant increases in poppy cultivation and heroin production in Mexico allow Mexican cartels to provide high-purity and low-cost drugs, along with the continued increase in demand," the anti-drug agency explains.
U.S it has been trying for some time to alleviate the so-called opiate epidemic, which President Donald Trump declared a health emergency, and to which they are dedicating resources, as well as attempts to apply policies to stop the mortality related to these drugs.
However, the DEA is unlikely to curb consumption: "Heroin remains a serious threat in the United States, as the use and availability increases," he acknowledges, assuming that the ease with which it is produced and distributed, It will probably mean that "overdose deaths" will increase.
Heroin is not the only drug that worries the DEA. Mexico is also the main source of fentanyl and synthetic drugs (together with China), methamphetamines and marijuana, and is a key point in the distribution of Colombian cocaine..
As for fentanyl, "now in the most lethal category of opiates consumed in the United States," the DEA notes that drug traffickers have stopped mixing it with heroin and are betting on selling them in the form of pills.
Its high demand has made it the drug with a more alarming increase: its seizures have climbed 135%, to 524 kilos in 2017.
The most common way as the drug enters U.S it is through the usual channels of the Mexican cartels, especially the Sinaloa Cartel and the Jalisco New Generation Cartel, both of which lead the traffic.
The DEA, in this sense, was resigned to that, in spite of the policies applied by the US government against fentanyl, "will not cause any long-term change", since the cartels will find the formulas to continue with their production and distribution.