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Monkeypox: symptoms, treatment and care

The report talked to an infectious disease specialist, a dermatologist and a person who was infected with the disease

Em 19/09/2022 19:00

This week, the More Goiás.doc addresses a very current topic: monkeypox (monkeypox). The report spoke with an infectious disease specialist, a dermatologist, with a person who was infected, with the Municipal Health Department (SMS) and with the Goiás State Health Department (SES-GO). Watch the full story at the end of the report to solve all your doubts about the disease.

One patient, who preferred not to be identified, informed the More Goiás.doc who went out to a bar with friends and the next day had a fever, chills, body aches and then lesions appeared on her skin. When looking for a health unit, she was examined by the doctor, who suspected that he had monkeypox. After the Health Department got in touch, she took the exam and the result was positive.

The source said she was very apprehensive when she went to take her test. Because of the pain caused by the injuries, the doctor prescribed an ointment and medicine to treat the disease. After about eight days of the exam, she returned to the hospital and was told by the specialist that after 14 days of isolation he could return to normal activities.

What is monkeypox (monkeypox)?

the infectologist Heloína Clarete explains that monkeypox is a viral disease that is part of the same family of viruses that causes smallpox. “It’s another virus from the same family, which mainly affects the population of some parts of Africa”. The doctor points out, however, that the disease is not as lethal as smallpox, which was eradicated in the mid-1980s.

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Symptoms

The Ministry of Health warned of the symptoms of monkeypox, which are:

  • Rashes or skin lesions;
  • Adenomegaly – Swollen lymphomas (popularly known as inguas);
  • Fever;
  • Body pain;
  • Chills;
  • Weakness.

Streaming

The infectologist explains that the contamination of monkeypox can happen when there is skin-to-skin, skin-to-mucosal contact, and even through droplets of saliva. Heloína also clarifies that there can be transmission through surfaces.

“As the infection is by contact, the contaminated person and with skin lesions can leave the virus in environments such as sofa, bed and this virus can stay in that environment for a long time if it is not disinfected or cleaned. So, it can be a form of transmission as well.”

According to the expert, there is concern about groups considered vulnerable, such as children, the elderly and, above all, pregnant women. “There can be serious impairment of the fetus through planetary transmission”, she warns.

The doctor also states that, although it is not considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI), the more a person is exposed to several partners, the greater the risk of finding a contaminated person.

Heloína Clarete, infectious disease specialist (Photo: Artur Dias | Art: Niame Loiola)

prevention and care

O Dr Sandro Batista, Secretary of State for Health of Goiás, states that it is very important to stop the transmission of the disease through prevention actions such as: use of mask in places of agglomeration, use of alcohol gel and hand hygiene. The doctor also advises that, in case of suspicion, a health unit should be sought.

Sandro Batista, Secretary of State for Health of Goiás (Photo: Artur Dias | Art: Niame Loiola)

In case of infection, Heloína Clarete highlights the importance of wearing a mask and social isolation to stop transmission. The doctor warns that if the infected person needs to leave the house, they must wear a protective mask and clothes that protect all injuries. The use of 70% alcohol is also indispensable.

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The expert also warns that infected people should not share hygiene products. If there is more than one bathroom in the house, the infected person must use one of the bathrooms alone. Clothes must also be washed separately.

Watch the full Mais Goiás.doc: