(by Silvia Lambertucci) (ANSA) – ROME, MAY 07 – The very first find, a limestone head, was found at the bottom of a well in Banatou in Narbolia, but then they thought of one of the many Punic finds that crowd that stretch of the North western Sardinia. The discovery of the fascinating nuragic necropolis of Mont’e Prama, the largest known at that time, is due to the chance discovery made by two farmers in 1974 in the territory of Cabras, the central part of the Sinis peninsula, hundreds of tombs lined up along a funerary road, models of nuraghe, betyls, or stones considered sacred, and an expanse of tens of thousands of fragments that led archaeologists to reconstruct around 30 monumental statues in recent years, an army of stone heroes made up of warriors, boxers, archers which constitutes the oldest statuary complex in the western Mediterranean. A treasure that is now exhibited in Cabras in the Giovanni Marongiu Civic Museum and in Cagliari in the National Archaeological Museum, accompanied by multimedia stations with very high resolution 3D reconstructions created by the Crs4 research center. While the images of these enormous warriors, with their millenary charm, the sunken eyes that give them a look of extraordinary intensity, have been around the world with an ever-growing popularity, identity symbols of the ancient Nuragic civilization, almost like the have always been the nuraghe.
A year ago, in 2021, the birth of the Foundation chaired by Anthony Muroni, to which the ministry of culture entrusted the sculptures and the building that was built as an extension of the Archaeological Museum of Cabras, with a loan of 3 million euros . But also the archaeological area of Tharros, the Tower of San Giovanni and the hypogeum of San Salvatore to which 4.15 million euros have been allocated by the 2015/2016 “Great Cultural Heritage Projects” Strategic Plan. Only the director is missing, whose name, chosen in a competition, should be known in a few days. But in the meantime, studies, research and archaeological excavations, not yet open to the public, are continuing. The first two excavation campaigns, carried out between 1975 and 1979 by archaeologists Alessandro Bedini, Giovanni Lilliu, Enrico Atzeni, Maria Luisa Ferrarese Ceruti and Carlo Tronchetti brought to light the architecture, tombs and sculptures, confirming the cultural and funerary nature of the site. .
While it is due to Giovanni Lilliu, a fundamental figure of Sardinian archeology, for having emphasized that the figures that came out of the earth in that place in the Sinis were actually very similar to the Nuragic bronzes, widespread especially in the early Iron Age, between 950 and 700 BC The statues, found in pieces – at the time over 5,800 to date there are over 10 thousand – in a space of one hundred meters long, were brought to the deposits of the Archaeological Superintendency, where they remained until 2005, when they found funding and spaces for the restoration project. Since 2014, under the guidance of Alessandro Usai, excavations have resumed under the supervision of the Superintendency directed by Monica Stochino and this time preceded by surveys with the georadar on about 80 thousand square meters. It is from these years that the pieces of two other statues of boxers were found, different from the first but of the same type as the two statues found in these days on the site, characterized by a very particular flexible shield, which covers the belly of the boxer and then bends to wrap around his arm and shoulder. One of these two statues is exhibited in the Cabras museum, while the other is still awaiting restoration, which has already been planned and which will be financed with a 2.8 million euro project put in place by the Superintendency together with the Secretariat. regional MiC. (HANDLE).