More and more resignations from National Education: former teachers testify

the essential
If they are more than 869,000 to exercise “the most beautiful profession in the world” today in France, they are also more than 1,600 to have resigned from the National Education in 2020-2021. An increasing number. Behind the data, various paths and the same difficult decision.

One thousand six hundred and forty-eight resignations, first and second degrees combined, in 2020-2021. That is to say nearly 0.2% of the 869,300 teachers in school and in secondary education over the same period (figures from the Ministry of National Education).

An extremely low rate but figures which are increasing over several years: 804 in 2014-2015, 1,417 in 2017-2018 (according to the social report of the Ministry of National Education, Youth and Sports 2019-2020) and 1554 in 2019-2020.

Marie * (all first names have been changed) resigned at the start of 2018. Trainee school teacher in Rhône-Alpes, she made this “heavy decision” five months after starting, and inquiring about availability or transfer to another sector of the public service, without result. “When we resign, we give up our competition: if I wanted to come back, I would have to take it again.”

The young woman evokes several reasons for her decision such as “a lack of recognition and a feeling of loneliness in relation to the institution” as well as a very heavy workload. “There are meetings, course preparations, master’s exams and the thesis to be done by the end of the year. We are asked a lot, as soon as we arrive the load is big. And the more we want to do well. , the more we drown. “

After her resignation, Marie looked for work in the administration, “but with a diploma as precise as a school teacher it is not easy to assert it in another sector of employment”.

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“There is a period of uncertainty that must be taken into account”

Suzanne, she resumed studies. After a master 1 during a year of availability, she is currently in master 2. “My request for conventional termination (set up in January 2020, editor’s note) has been rejected twice. And as I wanted to do a work-study, I had to resign. “

While she had been working in secondary school for twenty years, part of which was in Occitania, the questioning arose at the time of the high school reform: “I had the feeling that my discipline, math, was reduced: it was not was no longer in the common core from the first. The students stopped working in January because they had the choice not to do any more in the first. ” She also argues that there is no prospect of development and a deterioration in working conditions, “more students per class, less invested, less attentive”.

If she did not doubt her willingness to leave, the aftermath raised more concerns. “What makes you doubtful is not leaving, but knowing how you’re going to get back on your feet properly after leaving a stable job. There is a period of uncertainty that has to be dealt with.”

Young people who do not find themselves in the profession or more experienced staff but who say they are “worn out”. The unions see them crossing the threshold of departure, asking for conventional breaks, but which are not always accepted. In 2020, 1,219 were asked at the national level, 296 signed, according to the ministry. “In 2020, there were 98 requests at the academic level, advance Cyril Lepoint, academic secretary SE-UNSA Toulouse, whose union has supported around fifteen requests for termination in 2020-2021. We feel that it is gaining momentum in view of colleagues who inquire and send letters for an interview with the rectorate “.

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