Sunday, May 26, 2019
Home Health More than a quarter of Russian diabetics are unaware of their illness.

More than a quarter of Russian diabetics are unaware of their illness.

A source: HansMartinPaul / CC0

Researchers from the Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases studied the data of Bashkortostan on how well Russian diabetics are aware of the presence of this disease and how it correlates with various factors of their life. It turned out that more than 27% of people with diabetes did not know that they were ill, and more than 40% did not receive any treatment and were not observed by a doctor. The likelihood of being a diabetic showed a positive correlation with such risk factors as being overweight and living in the city. A rather unexpected correlation was also found: for a sample of Ufa scholars, the Muslim religion lowered the likelihood of a diagnosis of "diabetes."

Diabetes is an increasingly widespread disease, leading to a range of problems, from the likelihood of insulin shock and hypoglycemic coma to a drop in vision and problems with potency (half male diabetics suffers from problems with potency).

The number of diabetics is growing all the time, and in developed countries it can exceed 15 percent of the population. As the welfare of a country increases, the proportion of diabetics among its population also often grows.

The causes of such widespread diabetes in our time are still not completely clear, and at the moment there are virtually no generally accepted methods of treating the disease (some working methods exist, but since the mechanism of their work is unclear, they are recommended only with extreme caution).

Under these conditions, it is especially important that the patient is aware of the presence of such problems and can take appropriate measures when his condition worsens.

Scientists relied on data of 5,899 residents of Ufa and its environs, they were all over 40 years old. Diabetes was found in 11.7 percent of them, in 7/8 cases of the second type, in the rest of the first.

Since the ethnic composition of the inhabitants of Bashkortostan differs from the average for Russia, the researchers separately processed the data for Russians – and found that the proportion of diabetics among them is slightly higher (14.9 percent versus 10 percent among all the others studied). Aware of their disease, both groups were approximately equally. In general, diabetics differed by age – they were older than healthy, there were more women among them, as well as citizens.

Then the researchers tried to find some more signs that would statistically significantly correlate with the diagnosis of diabetes — and to our surprise we found out that among those factors, in addition to purely medical factors, Islam can also be distinguished, which is inversely correlated with diabetes (p = 0.02). 71.7 percent of people not suffering from diabetes were Muslims, among diabetics – those were 55.3 percent. In other words, for Muslims, the likelihood of diabetes was significantly lower.

Scientists also note that only 72.8 percent of those surveyed knew that they had diabetes, and only 59.1 percent received one or another of the prescribed treatments associated with it. The authors note that this level is still relatively high compared with other countries of the world (in the United States it is almost the same, 74.8 percent, but in China it is only 30), although in any case it is not quite sufficient.

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