The governance issues, financing or operational are ” complex “, we will ” without taboo “. , But what is who will do what, we’ll see. First of all, the diagnosis and the objectives. It is in this sense that Muriel Pénicaud, flanked by Jean-Michel Blanquer (national Education) and Frédérique Vidal (higher Education) has presented this Friday, the state of spirit that should animate the four working groups responsible for conducting the consultation on the reform of the apprenticeship .

Nothing that is more normal. Except that the minister of Labour has not evaded its commitment to the professional sectors at the forefront of the future device and left to stiffen a bit in most areas . Even if it is not confirmed, the executive looks for a pattern of reform of the training that refers to a person responsible for each public – apprentices, unemployed or employees – who have to act as a source of funding dedicated to it .

” All the countries that have been successful have put businesses at the heart of the system “, she said during a press conference after having received the social partners, the regions, the chambers of commerce and professional learning. In France, only 7% of young people are following this form of education by alternation.

To release the brakes, the minister wants the companies ” engage more in the co-construction (of the content) of diplomas “ and they can ” more control centres (training) according to their needs “.

In the clear, this is not for young people and businesses to adapt to the training offer, but rather the reverse.

The regions have not hidden their concern by the voice of David Margueritte (Normandy), the president of the Commission, ” employment, training and learning “ of the Regions of France. Stating ” very watchful and worried about the question of who will lead the learning “, he called to ensure that ” the regions remain the authorities that regulate “ the device, according to AFP.

” I did not say that the professions will take the hand “, but ” we won’t get into debates purely defensive institutional “, replied indirectly Muriel Pénicaud, believing that institutions should be ” in the service of youth and enterprises “.

Behind these issues of power are hiding, of course, issues big. Paid entirely by the firms, the apprenticeship tax is paid to the tune of 51 % in the Regions. François Asselin, the president of the CPME, is demanding greater efficiency in the circuit of financing .

beyond the complexity of the organization, the learning bute also on the little space is devoted to him in the guidance of students. the ” there is a lot of work to do at the level of the orientation at the college and high school “, has confirmed Aurélien Cadiou, of the national Association of apprentices of France (Anaf).

The orientation is ” the first of the subjects “, approved by the minister of Education. the ” It is clear that we need to evolve on this point. In the same way, our structures need to evolve “, continues Jean-Michel Blanquer.

the question of whether there is a need to accommodate fewer students under enrolment status in professional education or if it is necessary to apply to colleges, professional high schools to open more sections of learning, the minister is cautious, indicating that they had ” not want to preempt the conclusions “ while the consultation has only just begun. But he points out that ” is not obliged to reason with the old frames “, and that the consultation will be able to ” lead on something completely new and very original “, to the name ” the successful insertion of young people “.


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