NASA models fly to the moon ahead of human missions

Orlando, Florida: NASA’s Artemis I flight to the moon, scheduled for late 2021, will have a crew of mannequins to test conditions before a human crew makes the trip.

Artemis-I mannequins will enable NASA to assess radiation, vibration, and the impact of the landing before sending astronauts into an Orion capsule in 2023.

This mission will be the first time astronauts have ventured deeper into space since the Apollo program ended in 1972.

NASA officials said there was a need to collect new data as technology, spacecraft and medical knowledge have advanced significantly since the last moon landing 50 years ago.

Two of the mannequins were designed with materials to recreate human bones and organs. It will also contain more than 2,000 radiometric sensors.

In addition, one mannequin wears a radiation jacket and another does not.

The third model is a human-sized rubber doll that measures the vibrations that the astronauts have to withstand.

Mark Baldwin, engineer and program manager at Lockheed Martin, a NASA contractor, told United Press International.

The Orion space capsule was designed and built by Lockheed Martin.

Baldwin experienced seven hours of vibration testing over two days at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston in 2017. This enabled him to better understand the astronaut’s experience.

The Israeli Space Agency and the German Aerospace Center also contributed to the development of radiation test models.