It is a progression that does not decline. In 2018, the number of conventional breaks broke a new record: 437,700 were approved by the Ministry of Labor, in seasonally adjusted data, according to a study that its Directorate of Statistics (Dares) published on Monday.
Not a single month last year, this figure was less than 35,000, against 33,000 in 2017 and 31,000 in 2016. Since its creation in mid-2008, from an agreement concluded between employers and unions (except the CGT), the success of this third ground of termination of the employment contract alongside the dismissal, decided by the employer, and the resignation, decided by the employee, is confirmed every year a little more.
By looking at the profile of the beneficiaries, the study of the Ministry of Labor wrestles the neck to certain ideas received in this area, starting with the one according to which the tool would be used mainly by managers. In reality, these are "The majority of employees (53%) who sign conventional breaks with their employer, while they represent only 34% of employees on permanent contracts excluding civil servants", underlines its author, Anthony Bouvier.
Executives, who represent 24% of the permanent contracts, the workers who represent 30% each constitute only 18% of the signatories of conventional rupture.
What is true, on the other hand, is that the allowance is proportionally higher for management, with a median of 0.31 months of salary per year of seniority, compared to just over 0.25, or the legal rate, for both employees and workers.
One third of thirties
The fact that executives do better is explained by two factors, showed another recent study by the Dares: on the one hand, their conventional coverage is more favorable, on the other hand, managers negotiate more than the others their severance pay.
Another common misconception: the idea that conventional rupture is above all a substitute for early retirement. While they represent only 16% of employees on permanent contracts in the private sector, 26% of conventional breaks have been signed by people under 30 years of age. And one in three beneficiaries of a break-up was between 30 and 39 years old in 2018 when they accounted for only a quarter of private sector employees.
Quadras and quinquas are less numerous among conventional disruptions than in the IDU population. Thus, between the ages of 50 and 59, the proportion is approximately 15% of disruptions and 25% of injecting drug users.
The threshold of 400,000 jobs at Pôle Emploi crossed
Every year, conventional breaks add to the ranks of the unemployed. In 2018, according to the latest monthly statistics of Pôle emploi, in seasonally adjusted data, the number of registrations following a conventional break exceeded 400,000 for the first time, to 410,700 specifically, against 395,400 in 2017.
Will the announced entry into force of lump sum compensation under certain conditions in case of resignation change the situation? It will be necessary to wait a few months before being able to measure it.
Leila de Comarmond