Violence against women is daily, 89 per day suffer crimes, 62% are mistreated in the family and even recidivists (State Police data), femicides are 103 since the beginning of the year (an increase compared to 2020) and more women who report in the past but only 27% (data Women on the net against violence) undertake a judicial process. The issue is complex: there is a problem, as underlined by a D.i.Re in the 2020 survey widespread in recent days, of secondary victimization in courtrooms (domestic violence and witnessed violence are not recognized enough and office relationships practically turn into sentences that re-victimize women), there is a problem of preparation of the judiciary, of malfunctioning in the judicial system (as said by the senator of the Democratic Party Valeria Valente, president of the Femicide Commission), of ‘protection’ of the State. It is no coincidence that with the Minister of the Interior Luciana Lamorgese announces a package of new rules in the CDM. While the three-year institutional anti-violence plan expired in 2020 and is not yet renewed with funds from the still blocked centers.
But it’s not just this. There is a ‘culture’ of gender-based violence even more dangerous, sluggish, devious, so pervasive in society that it is even taken for granted by many women and undervalued by men. It is Italy in which the patriarchal culture is still strong, with gender stereotypes that create the conditions for a culture of violence and oppression as emerges from the research The culture of violence, made by Ipsos for WeWorld on the occasion of 25 November, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women. Less than 40% of women are aware of having suffered a form of harassment at least once in their life, however 70% of workers have experienced discrimination in the workplace more than 40% declare that they have suffered a form of violence and / or harassment or a violent act or form of control in a romantic or family relationship; Among those who declare that they have never been harassed, on the other hand, 1 out of 5 declares at the end of the survey that they have suffered at least 3 forms of harassment within a romantic / family relationship.
A survey with the aim, on the one hand, of measuring on the one hand the perception of the causes of violence against women in Italy, on the other hand of photographing the degree of awareness of violence against women among women and in particular how much they still are spread, even unconsciously, various forms of violence and harassment, as well as gender stereotypes, including on children. Key aspects that highlight how patriarchal culture is still strong.
Another report by Astraricerche, presented in the Senate on the occasion of the event “All the faces of violence”, promoted by Rete Antiviolenza del Comune di Milano and Gilead Sciences Italia and with Senator Urania Papatheu. One in four Italians think that it cannot really be considered a form of violence “to comment on a physical abuse suffered by a woman by stating that it is less serious because her attitudes, her clothing or appearance communicated that she was ‘available'”: to think that they are mostly men (30%), but the percentage of women is also significant (20%). About 3 out of ten people, according to the research, do not consider violence “To slap your partner if she has flirted with another”; among women, 20% are convinced, while the percentage rises to 40% for men. Still, one in three Italians does not consider it violence to force a partner into sexual intercourse if she does not feel like it; about four men and three out of ten women think so. “Numbers – comment the authors of the research themselves – that tell of a patriarchal Italy, in which there is still much to do in terms of information and awareness. A cultural question that is not the prerogative of men alone, but which also concerns women”.