Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo predicted on Sunday that the remaining sanctions on Iran, which will be resumed on Monday, will change the behavior of the Tehran government in the region.
On "Fox News Sunday," Pompeo said the sanctions – the last to be withdrawn from the 2015 nuclear deal following the withdrawal of the US – were aimed at getting Tehran to cease supporting militants in the Middle East to stop rocket testing and treat your own citizens with more respect.
"I am very confident that the sanctions, which will be re-imposed on Monday, will not only have crude oil sanctions, but also financial sanctions imposed by the Ministry of Finance and more than 600 names of individuals and companies in Iran: the behavior Iran, "he said. "That's our expectation."
On Sunday, a 180-day deadline set by the United States ends before the second round of sanctions, which was lifted under the 2015 Treaty, should be resumed. Although the sanctions are aimed at the financial and maritime sectors, the main measures prohibit the purchase of Iranian oil, which accounts for 80 percent of Tehran's tax revenues.
Starting Monday, all countries and companies that buy oil from Iran risk secondary sanctions in the United States, and the government has pledged to aggressively prosecute the perpetrators. Almost all of the multinational companies that did business in Iran after the suspension of sanctions in 2016 have been withdrawn. This has helped to topple Iran's riots and hurt ordinary Iranians in the face of rising commodity prices.
But only a handful of countries support US action, and Iranian government officials have said that the re-imposed sanctions underscore the isolation of the United States. Many analysts from the Middle East are also skeptical that Iran will somehow change its behavior if it shows itself defiant.
Pompeo has defended the government's decision to grant temporary exemptions to oil sanctions to eight nations, including some of Iran's largest oil customers.
The Secretary of State did not designate the countries, although Turkey has informed them that they have received a notification and belong to them. China, South Korea, Japan and India are also expected to receive waivers. Pompeo said that all have already significantly reduced their oil purchases in Iran, "but need a little more time to get to zero."