Precariousness. Very short contracts kept captive


A confirmation of more. While, during the negotiations on unemployment insurance, the issue of the taxation of short-term contracts, totally rejected by the employers, had contributed to the sinking of the discussions, a new study of the Direction of the animation of the research, Studies and Statistics (DARES) from the Ministry of Labor shed light on the recurrent practices of some employers. The use of fixed-term contracts of less than one month has soared for twenty years, from 57% to 83% of hiring between 1998 and 2017. The first concerned by these short missions are often the lowest paid: laborers, specialized workers, employees or service personnel. Not to mention that 84% of this type of recruitment are re-hires in the same company.

Some workers are effectively held captive in precariousness more than others, sucked into an infinite vortex of mini-contracts. 58% of managers using very short CDDs also declare "having a pool of people working regularly for them" with this type of contract. 57% of highly user establishments link these CDDs with the same person, compared to 24% for all user structures. In the case of companies abusing these very short contracts, the Dares can only note that these remedies are less intended for the exercise of temporary or occasional activities. In an attempt to explain some questionable employer strategies, the department mentions the high share of vacancies in certain sectors.

Mission durations are flexible to thank you

In fact, very short fixed-term contracts "rarely" allow employees to access more permanent contracts: "Only 21% and 16% of establishments say that they are frequently or very frequently converted into longer-term contracts or permanent contracts," says Dares. . For the most user companies, using it several times a week, 38% say that they change to long-term fixed term contracts and 28% to permanent contracts. A vicious circle that remains difficult to escape. Mission durations are also flexible to thank you. More than a third of employers recognize that on average these contracts last one week or less. The urgency to act against this recrudescence of short contracts is also vital for the survival of Unédic. Their cost, except intermittence spectacle, is a little less than 2 billion euros, including 0.5 billion for CDD only. That is about the amount of the deficit of the body.


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