Precocious menopause after breast cancer, consequences


  • Menopause will appear sooner or later, although certain factors, such as some diseases, cause it to occur earlier than it should.


  • Breast cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, may induce early menopause

The menopause It is a moment in the life of women that will come sooner or later to each one of them. While in some its appearance is early, in others it can be delayed a few years until they stop menstruating. There are many factors that can cause menopause arrive sooner or later or that its symptoms are more pronounced in some women than in others. Even so, there are many who suffer the so-called precocious menopause, which appears at 45 years of age or earlier, an early menopause that could occur after overcoming breast cancer.

Menopause due to breast cancer treatment

According to the Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC), menopause could be induced by chemotherapy, as this treatment “causes alterations in the ovaries that can lead to the absence of menstruation temporarily or permanently, inducing in this case menopause ”. In any case, the entity emphasizes that the age of the woman has a lot to say in the face of the appearance of early menopause caused by chemotherapy. As they expose their data, 40% of women under 40 and 76% of those over that age could go through menopause from chemotherapy treatment.

Even so, the AECC emphasizes that menstruation could recover after finishing treatment, especially in young women under 40 years old, since between 40% and 50% of them can menstruate again. Just the opposite occurs with those who are over 40 years old, since the chances of re-regulating their ovarian function are reduced to, at most, 11%. It should be noted that in addition to chemotherapy, a ovarian removal surgery, the radiotherapy in the pelvic area or a hormone therapy they can also lead to early menopause.

But if we turn the tables, just in the opposite case, the AECC points out an advantage of early menopause when it appears without having been induced by chemotherapy treatment. As they point out, early menopause could be “a protective factor against breast cancer “, since the risk of presenting this disease is greatly reduced compared to women who experience menopause once they are over 45 or already in their 50s.

What are your symptoms like?

The symptoms that occur when early menopause does not differ from normal menopause. One of the most notable are hot flashes and sweatingespecially at night. In addition, the drop in estrogen levels causes the pelvic floor looks noticeably weakened, so that its most palpable symptom is vaginal dryness, which can make sexual intercourse difficult but also lead to a urinary tract infection or other urination problems.

Sexual desire is usually diminished during this stage of a woman’s life, which is usually accompanied by certain psychological effects due to the mood disturbances trouble sleeping or even depressive episodes. But without a doubt, one of the problems to which more attention must be paid is the weakening of the bones, which little by little is causing the osteoporosis and makes a bone fracture more possible before any blow.

Fight menopause

In order to combat the symptoms, there are many different treatments that can be prescribed by specialists depending on the severity of the symptoms and how they affect the quality of life or the daily life of the woman. Therefore, one of the most indicated is usually the vaginal moisturizers or lubricants that are able to reverse vaginal dryness, although it is indicated first to consult a specialist about which lubricant could be better in each case.

In psychological matters it is advisable to try to follow some habits or sleep routines as well as avoiding situations of overwhelm or stress, in addition to physical exercise, always appropriate to the conditions of each one, will be of great help. Kegel exercises can also be great allies to achieve strengthen your pelvic floor and avoid urine problems.

In any case, in each case the specialist may prescribe certain pharmacological treatments depending on the symptoms that arise. For this reason, in certain cases a hormone therapy, that is not always advised, or antidepressant drugs. Likewise, in the event that bone loss is very pronounced, medications may also be prescribed to strengthen your bones.

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