Correspondent in Moscow
In announcing a referendum on a series of constitutional reforms on Wednesday, Vladimir Putin did not give an explicit answer to the question of his political future after his fourth presidential term which ends in 2024. But the Russian president nevertheless gave some indications on the evolution of the institutional landscape and relaunched assumptions about the role that could be hers. The head of state did not specify the date of the referendum on Wednesday.
In his 1.5 hour speech in the hall of the Armory, near the Kremlin, in the center of Moscow, Vladimir Putin proposed to transfer part of the presidential power to the Duma (the lower house) which would appoint the Prime Minister and the government. The head of the executive could not oppose these choices.
"Russia must remain a strong presidential republic," said Putin, adding that the head of state would remain at the head of "force structures" (armies, intelligence services, etc.). It would retain the power to dismiss the Prime Minister, ministers and judges of the constitutional court and the supreme court.
Strengthening the powers of governors
In addition, the head of state would no longer be authorized to serve more than two total mandates, not just consecutive ones. A very symbolic measure since in the absence of this limitation, Vladimir Putin could have served four presidential terms in total – from 2000 to 2008 and from 2012 to today – with an interlude as prime minister from 2008 to 2012.
The Russian president also proposed to reinforce the power of the governors, gathered in a council of state, which would profit from an increased role and whose statute would be introduced into the constitution. Among the various hypotheses circulating, Vladimir Putin could choose to occupy the head of this body once he has left the Kremlin, this position allowing him to retain his influence on the affairs of the state.
. (tagsToTranslate) Vladimir Putin (t) Russia (t) Moscow (t) Europe (t) Asia (t) International (t) international news (t) foreign affairs (t) Ministry of Foreign Affairs (t) foreign policy