All pending Vladimir Putin, who offered his speech on the state of the nation on Wednesday, focused on the need to boost population growth. The president of Russia, in statements to legislators and senior government officials, said authorities have to do more to encourage births and support young families.
The president stressed that low income remained a key obstacle to birth. Russia now has about 147 million inhabitants. Putin said the country is facing the consequences of the economic collapse after the collapse of the Soviet Union, which meant a sharp decline in births. The president promised that the government would offer new subsidies to families with children.
The president also referred to the current global instability. In his speech he said that the five nuclear powers, which also have a seat in the UN Security Council (Russia, China, nesting states, France and the United Kingdom) "must begin to think about measures aimed at neutralizing any condition for a global war, and develop new approaches to ensure the stability of the planet. ”
Putin announced that for the first time in history Russia has become a world leader in the field of weapons, reports RT. “For the first time in the history of the existence of nuclear missiles, including the Soviet period and modern times, we are not lagging behind anyone. On the other hand, other leading states of the world have not yet created weapons that Russia already possesses, ”said the president.
The Russian leader proposed modifying the Russian Constitution to increase the powers of parliament and the cabinet, a measure that could announce his intention to change to a new position to remain in charge after his current term expires. Likewise, He suggested amending the constitution to allow legislators to appoint prime ministers and cabinet members. This right now rests with the president.
At the same time, he argued that the president should retain the right to dismiss the prime minister and cabinet ministers. He said the president should have the power to appoint senior defense and security officials and that constitutional changes should be submitted to a national referendum.
Putin's current term expires in 2024, and Russian political elites have been speculating about their future plans. Putin, 67, has been in charge for more than 20 years, longer than any other Russian or Soviet leader since Josef Stalin. He will have to resign after his term ends under current law, which limits the president to two consecutive terms.
Observers speculated that he could remain in office by switching to the post of prime minister after increasing the powers of parliament and cabinet and cutting off presidential authority. Other potential options include a merger with neighboring Belarus and becoming the head of a new unified state, a perspective rejected by Belarusian President Alexander Lukashenko.
In addition, he urged to open a new cycle of investment in the country to achieve growth rates above the world average. "We have to structurally change the national economy, increase its efficiency," Putin said in his speech about the state of the nation. In 2021, he said, Russia's gross domestic product (GDP) growth must exceed the world average.
“To achieve it, we need a new cycle of investments. Investments in the creation of jobs, infrastructure, development of industry, agriculture and the service sector (…) must be considerably increased, ”he said. Putin proposed to both houses of the Russian Legislature an annual investment growth of at least 5% and that its weight in GDP in 2024 is 25% and no longer the current 21%.
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), world GDP will have advanced 3% in 2019, while in 2020 growth will be 3.4%. Meanwhile, the Russian economy will have grown by 1.1% last year and will accelerate to 1.9% during this year, according to the forecasts of the monetary institution based in Washington.
The Central Bank of Russia (BCR), in turn, predicts a growth of the country's economy for 2019 of between 0.8% and 1.3% and for 2020 and 2021 of between 1.5% and 2% and 1.5% and 2.5%, respectively. The president was satisfied by the fact that inflation fell in 2019 to 3%, "below the established target of 4%." The situation is very different from what we had 5-10 years ago when we had inflation of two digits, ”Putin said.
. (tagsToTranslate) Russia (t) Putin (t) Family (t) Moscow (t) Cold War (t) Wars and conflicts