Seldom does the sun show itself in its full clarity in Doha (Qatar), always hidden behind a veil of dust suspended in the desert sand, the mist of the Persian Gulf and now also the works – ubiquitous, from the metro, the train, the tram, the stadiums – for the 2022 World. Dim light filtered as a metaphor for the lack of transparency that has characterized Qatar as the seat of the World Cup since she was chosen by the FIFA in December 2010.
In these nine years since the candidacy
Qatar won the US (14 votes to 8), the controversial Y scandals of corruption, the violation of labor and human rights, and the inconvenience of dates have marked the path of the 2022 global football headquarters. world obviously, unnatural.
The complaint of the NGOs
"The planet must know that the 2022 World Cup will be played in stadiums stained with blood"
To begin with, the questionable suitability of a scenario that combines the lack of football tradition – it has had to build all eight stadiums from zero, as well as a nonexistent transport infrastructure, to the obscene price of 200,000 million euros (estimated total budget) – with adverse weather conditions. With infernal temperatures (from 38ºC to 45ºC maximum between May and October), unbearable humidity of up to 80%, and an annoying desert wind, make any daytime outdoor activity impossible in the spring-summer months.
So, given the impossibility of playing the World Cup between June and August (as usual), they moved the dates to the doors of winter, from November 21 to December 18. Problem: the global tournament collides with the calendar of European competitions, national and continental leagues. For example, in that period the Champions must postpone and move four days, like the leagues of each country, with the resulting puzzle and density of matches in a calendar already overloaded. Have you thought about the risk of injury that is derived?
More inconveniences The geopolitical conditions of the Middle East are not favorable to have a quiet championship. Six Arab countries, its neighbors that make it a commercial boycott (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Mauritania, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt) already asked FIFA in July 2017 to remove the World Cup to Qatar. They consider it "a base of terrorism". As Pope Francis pointed out, "to get to Qatar, you have to go all the way round", since Arabia does not let its airspace fly over flights that have their origin or destination in Doha.
To complete the circle, Qatar is not the ideal country in terms of human rights. According to a 2018 report by Amnesty International, the freedom of expression, association and assembly is restricted in the emirate, political parties and unions of foreign workers are prohibited, women are discriminated against in legislation and in practice, the rights of women are violated. Children's rights, the death penalty still prevails (there were two sentences), and labor and human rights are more than questioned in the construction works for the tournament.
"The whole planet must know that the 2022 World Cup will be played in stadiums stained with blood," denounced the Foundation for International Democracy, which accounts for 2,000 workers killed in World Cup works, most of them Nepalese, Indians and Bangladeshi. The organization itself admitted two weeks ago that the "high number" of worker deaths is "a tragedy".