The Democrats took control of the house on Tuesday, a victory that transformed a Republican-controlled chamber that supported and protected President Trump into a legislative body ready to challenge and investigate.
Victories in GOP seats in the suburbs across the country gave the Democrats more than the 23 seats they needed to regain the majority, controlling half of the congress after Trump had been expelled since Trump took office last year.
They aim to quickly usher in a new era and tone in Washington, starting with a legislative package on anti-corruption measures aimed at strengthening ethics laws, protecting voter rights and combating abuse of electoral campaigns.
"Tomorrow will be a new day in America," said Nancy Pelosi (D-Calif.), Chair of the House Minority, from the Democratic Party headquarters in Washington. "It's about restoring the checks and balances of the Constitutions for the Trump administration. It's about stopping the GOP and [Senate Majority Leader] Mitch McConnell's attacks on Medicare, Medicaid, the Affordable Care Act and the medical care of 130 million Americans who already have existing medical conditions. "
Pelosi pledged to reduce the cost of prescription medicines and rebuild the country's infrastructure, and committed to engage in bipartisan action wherever possible.
"A democratic congress will work on solutions that bring us together, because we all have enough of division," she said.
Trump called Pelosi on Tuesday evening to congratulate her on the success of her party and confirmed her call for bipartisans, her spokesman said.
However, there are also many points of probable conflict between Trump and the next House: Democrats are likely to initiate investigations into many aspects of the Trump administration, from their relations with Russia to the President's tax returns and to strengthen oversight of Trump's executive measures Immigration, environment and other regulations.
"Obviously, the country has given us the mandate to give the executive some control and balance, which has been sorely missed in the last two years," said MP Gerry Connolly (D-Va.). "And this requires strict supervision and accountability. … This is no time to restrain or be less powerful. "
A takeover meant the majority for Pelosi, who became the first female spokesperson in 2006, when he lost the majority in 2010 when voters rebelled against former President Barack Obama's health bill in the first interim presidential elections.
In the middle of Trump's first term, the elections focused again on health care. Only this time, the Democrats had been attacked for the attacks on the Republicans and the GOP for trying to lift the Affordable Care Act and its signature protection for people with pre-existing conditions. Republicans who voted against Obamacare in 2010 against the majority of the House had to retreat from race to race, insisting that they actually support such protections.
"Let's listen more to already existing complaints," said Pelosi on Tuesday night.
Pelosi will be the favorite to become the spokesperson again, although this result is uncertain, as some Democratic candidates have distanced themselves from her during the campaign.
Democrats also face internal ideological divisions. Their restored majority comes from many moderate candidates who beat Republicans in the districts that voted for Trump. However, the party will also welcome newcomers who are pursuing progressive goals and seeking Medicare-for-all or abolishing the Immigration and Customs Agency. These legislators include Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez of New York, who defeated longtime Democrat Joseph Crowley in a June pre-election campaign, and Rashida Tlaib of Michigan, who claims to be the seat of former lawmaker John Conyers Jr. in a deep blue district.
This mix will certainly create tensions over the party's priorities, especially with a restrictive liberal base that has already begun to demand impeachment of Trump.
Democrats failed to overtake the Senate, leaving the GOP-controlled chamber as a check on the Democrats' ability to pass the partisan legislation through Congress. This could be a dead end for issues such as immigration, gun regulations and health care.
Democrats attacked suburbs where Trump had become increasingly unpopular by attacking health care and other economic problems with relentless focus on the seats they needed most. But their message did not resonate so much in rural areas, leaving them behind the massive "blue wave" that some had hoped for in the party.
In the eastern suburbs of Denver and Kansas City and Minneapolis districts, GOP leaders fell on Democratic challengers. All three seats were severely attacked by the Democrats in 2016, but this year was different.
In Northern Virginia, Republican incumbent Barbara Comstock lost to Democrat Jennifer T. Wexton, while Democrat Max Rose, a former boxer who raised millions thanks to a viral video, lost Republican Dan Donovan (RN.Y.). ) in a seat that includes Staten Island and Queens. Donovan was the only Republican to represent New York City.
In a disappointment for the Democrats, reigning GOP MP Garland "Andy" Barr held a strong challenge to Democrat Amy McGrath, a former fighter pilot. McGrath raised millions with small donations and became involved in a contest through a viral video that presented her candidacy. In a district where Trump beat Clinton by 15 percentage points, however, their offer remained behind.
On the way to election day, the Republicans said their best scenario after Tuesday's vote was a narrower House GOP majority than the margin of 45 seats they now command. Republicans had pledged that if they returned to power in parliament, they would receive a new 10 percent tax cut for the middle class that Trump spoke about in the last days of the campaign.
"We knew from the beginning that the story in this election cycle was not on our side. And the big money was not on our side, "said House Majority Whip, Steve Scalise (R-La.), Citing a" motivated base "of the Democratic side, which flooded the Republican incumbents with small donations to their challengers.
House Republicans are also faced with leadership issues that are approaching the next Congress, as well as internal ideological differences.
On the GOP side, Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (California) with House Speaker Paul D. Ryan (Wis.), Who has resigned from Congress, is his most likely successor as a leading Republican leader in the majority or minority. But perhaps he will not get there without a fight, as Scalise also has the job in mind and Rep. Jim Jordan (Ohio), a leader of the House Freedom Caucus, is the choice of some conservatives.
Despite the strong economy and the achievements of the Republicans, who put in place a $ 1.5 trillion tax cut, these achievements were not central to many GOP campaigns. Instead, many Republicans followed Trump's lead by raising fears of immigrants and crimes while holding the Democrats as too liberal and linking them to Pelosi.