Russia conducts a mock flight to the moon

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MOSCOW (Sputnik) – The Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences carried out the Eskiz experiment, in which a flight to the moon was simulated on the Orlionok spacecraft, which is under development, the institute’s press service reported. .

“The experiment is over, its participants feel good,” they told Sputnik in the press service.

The research involved four men and two women, all employees of the Institute of Biomedical Problems. The experiment lasted two weeks and was carried out in a module of about eight square meters.

As explained by the person in charge of the project, Sergei Ponomariov, the choice of such a small module was due to the fact that the actual flight to the Moon would take place on the Orlionok spacecraft, which is being developed at the Energia space engineering corporation.

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Orlionok (‘Aguilucho’) is a ‘lightened’ version of the Oriol (‘Eagle’) ship, which is also under development and will serve for trips to the Moon.

Ponomariov commented that the experiment has as its first objective determine the level of stress during the acute period of adaptation in the isolated module.

The second objective consists of study molecular and cellular processes of the adaptation of the immune system – for example, the reduction of immunity – to the conditions of isolation.

The Eskiz experiment (‘Sketch’) has become part of the preparation of a new stage of the international project SIRIUS (Scientific International Research In Unique terrestrial Station).

The project includes a series of isolation experiments, during which its participants simulate a flight to the Moon and a descent on the lunar surface to carry out certain tasks.

Experiments lasting 17 days (November 2017) and four months (in 2018-2019) have already been carried out. The eight-month experiment should begin in November 2021.