Evolution in his idea of art took Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) over 40 years. A sample that reviews "the different stages" in the life of the Russian artist, but has not been able to include any of his famous compositions -considered the common thread of all his work-, he arrives for the first time in Mexico: it is a collection of 60 works, from seven international collections and that has represented a disbursement of 12 million pesos.
Kandinsky Pequeños mundos is structured in five sections: of the 60 pieces included, 25 correspond to painting, two are watercolors, two drawings and 31 engravings. The exhibition is promoted as the last one organized by the current administration dedicated to the great masters of art and has been made possible, above all, by the alliance that was created two years ago, from the Russian Vanguard exhibition, with The State Tretyakov Gallery , the main repository of Russian fine arts in the world.
The port of Odessa, 1898 is the most remote work, an oil on canvas where the Russian shows a completely figurative landscape, where even impressionist influence has been identified. That first section has been called Russian Roots and is dominated by allegorical paintings of the author's Russian origin such as Kochel (1902). The concept of the exhibition was prepared by the director of the Museum of the Palace of Fine Arts, Miguel Fernández, and Xavier de la Riva together with the academic advice of Natalia Avtonomova, an expert on the artist.
The rest of the segments emphasizes The Flood of Color, where Kandinsky's art is characterized by the progressive liberation of color as the key to arrive at abstraction; Symphonies of Moscow speaks of the arrival of the artist to geometric art, the anteroom of abstraction; Geometric abstraction presents the most famous Kandinsky with works such as Movement I, oil from 1935 that was placed on the artist's coffin when he died in 1944. The exhibition closes a series of technological additions that speak of the artist's relationship with music and where the visitor must settle for knowing their Compositions through a projection.
To complete the exhibition, other collections have been used, such as The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow; the Center Georges Pompidou, of Paris; The Getty Research Institute; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; the Metropolitan Museum of Art and, The Solomon R. Guggenheim, who owned the largest Kandinsky collection in the world. The generosity of international museums has not reached, however, so that none of the seven surviving paintings of the ten Compositions that Kandinsky painted from 1910 to 1939 arrive in Mexico.
"Tretyakov, he has Composition VII, but it is impossible to leave; those large-scale works hardly fly and leave their country, "said Fernandez after a tour of the exhibition. Guggenheim lent two pieces, one is the Blue Segment of 1921, but to learn about Composition VIII (1923), Kandinsky's most famous oil painting, which symbolizes geometric abstraction in all its dimensions, it is still essential to travel to New York.
We never consider what works can be achieved or what works can not; What we think about museums is that, from the script, what works can come. The works that come from the Tretyakov gallery, which are fundamental, had never come to America; for us it is a great pride that the Tretyakov has lent us all that initial Kandinsky, that Kandinsky of the first years, of the Russian stage, from 1914 to 21 ", said the director of the museum.
Other exhibitions of Kandinsky in the world, such as the one presented by Tate Modern in 2006 included Composition VI and Composition VII, both from 1913 and of Russian origin. According to Paola Arredondo, who yesterday served as a guide in the tour of the exhibition, the original script of the exhibition included compositions and even the negotiations with the museums were carried out, but they did not manage to close. A card of the sample admits that Kandinsky himself considered those paintings, of which only seven survive in the world, "his most ambitious and important works". Anyway, said Lidia Camacho, director of the INBA, "we are talking about 60 works that give us a very clear idea of what Kandinsky's career was, that we always imagine more geometric, more abstract and that we see here that originally his popular roots were the basis of the beginning of its creation, very figurative in the beginning and then it is clearing of all that to vibrate with color, with music ".
Kandinsky decided to study painting when he was 30 years old. In 1896 he settled in Munich. A Moscow returned in 1914 after the outbreak of World War I, but his fate was in Germany, where he went again in 1922 and became a professor at the Bauhaus School, until it was closed by the Nazis in 1933. there he went to France, where he lived the rest of his life and acquired Gallic citizenship.
The arrival of Kandinsky to Mexico has cost 12 million pesos, but the figure could vary. "In the end, it will be decided with everything the sponsors gave us," says Fernández. In any case, it is one of the most expensive exhibitions that have been mounted in Mexico. Only below Meat and Sand, by Alejandro González Iñárritu, which cost 28.5 million pesos, Kandinsky. Pequeños mundos exceeds in cost samples like Miguel Ángel's, also presented in Bellas Artes, with a cost of 11.6 million pesos; The modern ones, exhibited in the Munal by nine million pesos, or the one of Yayoi Kusama, that was mounted in the Tamayo Museum with an investment of 6.4 million pesos.
WHERE AND WHEN?
The Kandinsky shows. Pequeños mundos is exhibited today at the Museum of the Palace of Fine Arts until January 27, 2019.