The Government will request next week what is expected to be the last extension of the state of alarm. At a press conference from Moncloa, Pedro Sánchez This Saturday at noon, he would ask Congress for his support to approve the fifth extension of this state of exceptionality, which will not be like in the last two months: renewed every fortnight and applied throughout the national territory. “It will have very different characteristics from the previous ones, because the situation has changed.”
The chief executive wants the last period of the state of alarm to last “about a month” and it is committed to giving more power to the autonomies. Moncloa’s objective is to extend it for the duration of the de-escalation, all corners of Spain have passed the four phases and citizens already live in what is called the new normal.
Moncloa is going to propose to the rest of the political formations that the final period of the state of alarm be “asymmetrical”, that is, that the single command be applied exclusively in the provinces that are in some of the four phases that encompass the entire de-escalation. “If it is asymmetric, it will be with all the consequences “Sánchez declared.
The Government divided the Spanish map by sanitary zones to which it would apply sanitary parameters to move up in phase. Initially, the base unit was the province, but some autonomous communities decided that it was better to cut the territory into health areas and Moncloa included it as a unit of measurement.
The Executive bet that the four islands that have best resisted the disease advance in the de-escalation and begin this path towards the new normality directly in Phase 1: they are Formentera, La Gomera, La Graciosa and El Hierro, which this Monday will be the first to launch Phase 2. If there is no regrowth, these areas will reach the new normal in mid-June.
Most of the Spanish territory will be in Phase 1 from Monday, May 18. There are only three areas that, from then on, remain in Phase 0 “with relief”: the Community of Madrid, Barcelona and its metropolitan area and the provincial capitals of Castilla y León. At this rate and if no outbreak of infection arises, These territories will not pass Phase 3, at least, until July 6. The president has acknowledged that the asymmetric state of alarm would allow “in some territories that move to the new normality, restrictions on mobility and assembly to be lifted. It will only continue in those that we have to act on.”
Sánchez warned that raising the state of alarm in a territory sooner or later “does not depend solely and exclusively on political criteria.” In your opinion, it will depend on “social discipline, the degree of institutional unity that we will unfold in the coming weeks and that we put public health and life-saving criteria before other criteria. ”
Before going to Congress on Wednesday, Sánchez and his team have to close the parliamentary agreements to set the specific days that will include this last and definitive extension. The last extension was obtained thanks to the support of Ciudadanos, PNV and the Canary Coalition, but everyone warned that it was necessary to put an end to this state of exception as soon as possible.
Moncloa now faces the difficult task of convincing opposition groups of the need to apply single command until the end of the de-escalation. The Popular Party has already announced that the 89 deputies from your group will vote against of this decision and Sánchez asked all groups to “lean on the shoulder” to close “a great consensus” as “it exists in the whole of the citizenry.”
The fifth extension of the state of alarm will also bring about an “institutional de-escalation” that will consist of the only delegated authority of the Government at this de-escalation stage being the Minister of Health, Salvador Illa: the ministers Margarita Robles (Defense), Fernando Grande-Marlaska (Interior) and José Luis Ábalos (Transportation) will no longer have the exceptional powers granted by the first approved royal decree. “It doesn’t make any sense that we have four delegated authorities,” Sánchez said. “Vmasters to condense that authority in who has to pilot that de-escalation together with the autonomous communities “.