May 17, 2018, 17:05
It is known that the calories of any food can increase the risk of obesity and other cardiometabolic disorders. However, recently, 22 nutrition experts confirmed that sweet drinks play a special role in the development of chronic diseases. The risk of the disease increases even when such beverages are consumed with diets that do not lead to weight gain.
This is just one of the conclusions of the recent conference of experts, the report of which was published in the journal “Obesity Reviews”. Researchers discussed the question: do all calories have the same effect on the development of cardiometabolic diseases and obesity? The article provides extensive information on new data on diets that can lead to obesity, cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes.
The unanimity of experts is especially relevant now in the light of the recent trial in the US about the warning inscriptions on carbonated sweet drinks and the question of whether they are really harmful to health.
“New in this case is that this solid group of scientists with extensive experience in the field of studying nutrition and metabolism confirms the conclusion that sweet drinks strengthen cardiometabolic risk factors compared with an equivalent amount of starch,” – approves Kimber Stanhope, a biologist and nutrition researcher at the Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California.
Substitutes for sugar will not cause obesity
Also interesting is the point of view of researchers about the role of such a sugar substitute, aspartame. The authors agreed that aspartame does not contribute to weight gain in adults. Stanhope also said that this may be a surprise for most people.
“On the Internet, you can find a lot of information from non-professionals, saying that aspartame allegedly causes obesity, but it’s not. By and large, not a single study of non-nutritive sugar substitutes in humans confirms the fact of weight gain, “Stanhope says.
The authors also agreed that the use of polyunsaturated (n-6) fats, such as those found in certain vegetable oils, seeds and nuts, reduces the risk of disease compared to the use of an equal amount of saturated fat. Although the authors state this with some reservations. Dairy products, such as cheese and yoghurts, in which there can be a high content of saturated fats, are associated with a reduced risk of cardiometabolic disorders.
Nevertheless, according to Stanhope, not all the questions so far have the answers. “We still have a long way to go to get accurate answers to many questions related to nutrition. However, we all agree that a healthy diet consisting of minimally processed whole grains, fruits, vegetables and healthy kinds of fats promotes health promotion, “says Dr. Stanhope.