The third dose of the vaccine against Covid-19 is already a reality in several countries like the Dominican Republic, Israel and Russia, among others. In this article, we present which ones approved the booster dose and to whom they are offering it.
This Friday (30), the Prime Minister of Israel, Naftali Bennett, announced a program to apply a third dose of the vaccine against covid-19 to people over 60 years of age. In the country, a booster dose was already being offered to the immunosuppressed.
The ongoing debate about the third dose
In the United States, Pfizer said it will request the approval of a booster dose in August. The company has published data suggesting that administering a third injection “strongly” increases protection against the delta variant of the coronavirus.
After the data were released, the US Director of Health, Dr. Vivek Murphy, insisted that, at this point, people who are fully vaccinated do not need a third dose and that the decision on whether that dose is needed and when it would be This would be up to agencies such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration, based on all available information.
Dr. Paul Offit, of the FDA’s Vaccine Advisory Committee, told the CNN that more data is still needed to make this decision and that people with both doses have high protection against serious diseases, as what is needed now is not a third dose for the vaccinated, but for the unvaccinated to be vaccinated.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has also been emphatic that the priority is to advance vaccination, at a time when less than half of the world is fully vaccinated.
WHO Director of Immunization Dr Kate O’Brien said on Wednesday that currently “there is not enough information to offer a recommendation” for a third dose and that countries pushing booster shots without testing could make problems worse. .
“If countries go forward and start applying the boosters, the problem we have is aggravated, which (is that) at this moment there is an insufficient supply for all countries to have vaccinated all their groups, which are of highest priority, and then of lower priority,” he explained.
Murthy also said that the question of whether it was ethical to recommend a third booster, while there was a serious shortage of vaccine supplies in the world, was a “critical question”.
Scientists have pointed out that some population groups, including the immunosuppressed, could benefit from a third dose in the future.
Countries that have already approved and in some cases apply the booster dose
Bahrain announced in May the opening of a registry so that some of the most vulnerable groups against Covid-19 could receive a third dose of the vaccine, the official Bahrain News Agency reported. Among them were people over 50, people with obesity, low immunity or other underlying health conditions. The second dose of Sinopharm should be six months after the booster dose.
United Arab Emirates
The UAE, which already has nearly 70% of the population fully vaccinated, also offers a booster dose six months after the second injection, Reuters reported. It could be from Pfizer or Sinopharm, which was the vaccine they initially applied on a large scale, according to the agency.
In France, which has recently approved a health pass for entry into restaurants, cinemas and other public places, it is also recommended to apply a third dose to immunosuppressed patients. This group includes those who have received transplants or are taking strong immunosuppressive drugs, among others. The third dose, according to official recommendations, should be applied four weeks after the second.
Israel, where more than 60% of the population is already fully vaccinated against Covid-19, has already offered a third dose to people with compromised immune systems, Reuters reported. And this week it gave the green light for a booster dose for people over 60, following the strong recommendation of its expert group, which was based on data that suggested a significant decrease in immunity over time.
The Dominican Republic was the first country in Latin America to announce the application of a booster dose, which is now applied to health authorities. The authorities explained that whoever opts for the third injection will receive a different vaccine from the one initially administered and that they decided to apply another dose against the advance of more contagious variants.
Moscow’s mayor announced in early July that city clinics would begin offering the third dose of the vaccine, Reuters reported, after the Ministry of Health updated regulations and recommended that the booster shot be given to those who received the vaccine. six months or more ago. According to the agency, authorities said it was an emergency measure, given the increase in cases and vaccination rates that remain low. So far, 16% of the population is fully vaccinated.
The Ministry of Health in Uruguay, where more than 60% are already fully vaccinated against Covid-19, has confirmed that it will offer a third injection to all people who have received the Sinovac vaccine. The booster dose, which will be from Pfizer, will be administered at least 90 days after the second dose of the Chinese-derived vaccine.
More countries with plans for the third dose
Other countries are not yet offering the third dose, but have already started to buy vaccines if needed or plans are announced. Among them is the United Kingdom, where millions of people will be able to receive a booster dose from September, according to the recommendation of the Joint Committee on Vaccines and Immunization.
The aim of the campaign would be to protect the most vulnerable groups in winter and against the advance of the most contagious strains.
In Latin America, the case of Chile stands out, which is carrying out a study on the effects of the third dose and which has been taking the necessary measures for a long time.
(Text translated, read original in Spanish here)