Rhein-Sieg-Kreis (ar) – Summer time is vacation time.
So that the – most of the most beautiful time of the year – can be remembered even without unsightly consequences, the vaccination protection should be checked as part of the travel preparations.
On the one hand, there are, as informed by the district health office, mandatory vaccinations, which are required by the authorities of certain countries at the entry. On the other hand, there are recommended vaccinations, the implementation of which is at the discretion of the traveler.
In the case of long-distance travel, vaccinations against infectious diseases can cause jaundice of the type that is common in childhood hepatitis A and the type Hepatitis B added. Jaundice of the hepatitis B type is one of the vaccinations that the pediatrician regularly vaccinates; this vaccine is only necessary if this has not been done or is incomplete.
“Before traveling abroad, it is always advisable to provide travel medical advice: in addition to specialist doctors in private practice, the tropical institutes and health authorities are also the right contact persons,” Dr. med. Rainer Meilicke, director of the district health department.
Who wants to know which vaccinations are prescribed or recommended for the country of entry, and how the vaccine is administered, can contact the health department of the Rhein-Sieg-Kreis, – The District Administrator, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, 53721 Siegburg, phone 02241 / 13-3535, contact.
We also recommend the website of the Federal Foreign Office, which provides information on current health risks in the travel destination, and the health guide of the WHO, which also includes world maps for the distribution of various infectious diseases.
Other possible infectious diseases are:
TBE (tick-borne encephalitis): It is caused by the TBE virus and transmitted by tick bites, especially in the months of March to November. The main distribution areas of Germany are in Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, in southern Hesse and in southeastern Thuringia. Individual risk areas are also located in central Hesse (LK Marburg-Biedenkopf), in Saarland (Saar-Pfalz district), in Rhineland-Palatinate (LK Birkenfeld) and since 2014 with the Vogtlandkreis in Saxony. There are other areas within Germany where TBE single cases have occurred, but these are not classified as TBE risk areas due to their sporadic occurrence.
The vaccine consists of at least two (for a longer lasting vaccine protection three) injections. The first two are done at intervals of one to three months and a possible third vaccine after nine to twelve months. Protection begins about 14 days after the second vaccination. For permanent immunization, booster shots at three to five years intervals are recommended. The TBE must not be confused with the borreliosis, also transmitted by ticks, against which there is no vaccine protection.
Yellow fever: This virus disease is transmitted by mosquitoes and can be fatal. The yellow fever vaccine is a vaccine that in travel to Sub-Saharan Africa, Central and South America is frequently demanded. Saudi Arabia she writes during the pilgrim times. There are also countries in the above-mentioned regions where entry without proof of yellow fever vaccination is prohibited.
Japanese Encephalitis: Japanese Encephalitis is transmitted by mosquitoes and is triggered by a virus. It occurs not only in Japan, but in all the temperate and tropical zones of Asia. The Japanese Encephalitis vaccine is important if you plan to stay in the rural areas of Asia, especially during the rainy season full of mosquitoes.
Polio (Poliomyelitis): Contagion is via contaminated food and water. An increased risk of infection currently exists in Afghanistan, Pakistan . Nigeria , Madagascar, Ukraine and some other Asian and African countries.
Malaria: This febrile infectious disease occurs in tropical and subtropical regions of all continents – except Australia – on. It is one of the most important infectious diseases worldwide. It is transmitted by mosquitoes and often leads to death if left untreated. Still months after returning from the holiday can she contact me fever and unclear disease symptoms. In parts of Africa and Asia, the risk of infection is increased. There is still no effective vaccine; however, it is highly likely that you can prevent malaria by taking certain medications. Prevention is also important: To avoid insect bites, it is recommended to wear light-colored clothing with long sleeves and trouser legs and to apply mosquito repellents to the clothing and especially the uncovered skin. At night you should spread over the bed mosquito nets.
Rabies: Rabies is a mostly fatal viral disease caused by animals, for example dogs , Foxes, cats , Mice through their saliva – usually when biting – is transmitted to humans. The rabies risk is particularly high in South America, Central Africa and Asia (except Japan). Contacts to unknown animals should be avoided better! Depending on the type of travel (contact with the local population, easy way of traveling) rabies vaccination is recommended in these countries. Depending on the schedule, 3 or 4 vaccination appointments over a period of 4 weeks are required for immunization.
Typhus: Infection is via drinking water or food. Special risk areas are found in parts from Asia and North Africa.
Rhein-Sieg-Kreis (ar) – Summer time is vacation time.