A new study has found that in both ADHD and emotional instability disorders, the brain has similar changes in overlapping areas, and the two types of conditions should be considered contiguous and should be given both attention Diagnosis.
Clinical attention has shown that people with ADHD also have emotional problems such as chaotic emotional reactions, anxiety and depression. Nevertheless, the relationship between ADHD and impaired emotional regulation has not been identified, although theories have been suggested that both conditions are due to dysfunction in the way the brain controls its information processing.
Researchers at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden backed the hypothesis by showing that both ADHD and some form of emotional instability (behavioral disorder in children) have similar, overlapping changes in the brain. The study involved more than 1,000 adolescents.
"We can call them sibling states because they both involve partially overlapping underlying brain mechanisms, and so diagnosis should be responsive to both dimensions," Dr. Predrag Petrovic.
Using structural brain images, the team was able to show how both ADHD and adolescent behavioral manifestations manifest as reduced brain volume and brain area in parts of the frontal lobe and in nearby regions. The affected parts of the brain generally overlap.
The researchers also found changes that were specifically due to ADHD symptoms or symptoms seen in a behavioral disorder. The study also included behavioral experiments demonstrating both conditions.
"These results are important not least for patients with emotional instability, as they are often treated with skepticism and frustrated if not taken seriously, and we now show that this is related to changes in the brain that are similar to those observed in patients with ADHD who can lead to better understanding and better diagnosis, "Dr. Petrovic added.
The aim of the study is to develop a better understanding of how brain and behavior develop. The hope is that it will not only lead to better diagnoses but also to better treatments where people with an ADHD diagnosis can receive special treatment that helps them to better manage their emotions.
The study appeared in the Journal of Molecular Psychiatry.
(This story was not edited by Business Standard employees and is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)