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Specialists call for male self-care and prevention to avoid an increase in its prevalence


  • The urologist at Nueva Clínica Cordillera, Dr. Valentina Opazo, referred to the most common prostate conditions and called for self-care and constant monitoring of health by men through examinations and controls that favor timely diagnosis.

Santiago, June 16, 2022.– During June, the celebration of Father’s Day is considered one of the main milestones of the month. However, there is also another relevant date for the male community, it is World Prostate Cancer Day, which seeks to raise awareness of a disease that affects nearly 25,000 Chileans each year and where timely diagnosis and treatment are key in your progress.

The urologist at Nueva Clínica Cordillera, Dr. Valentina Opazo, emphasizes that, although the most well-known condition by the population is cancer, this is not the only prostate disease that exists, since benign prostatic hyperplasia is one of the most common pathologies involving this organ.

In this regard, the specialist indicates that benign prostatic hyperplasia “It usually begins at ages close to 40 years and occurs in up to 80% of men over 80 years of age with symptoms of variable intensity”. Dr. Opazo also adds that, although “risk factors have been identified, such as obesity, its incidence is due to a family history of the same disease.”

The urologist affirms that this condition is characterized by a “Progressive increase in the size of the prostate, which can cause obstruction to the urine outlet tract and who may experience symptoms such as difficulty in initiating urination, decreased force when urinating or interrupted stream, getting up at night to urinate, terminal drip, or feeling of incomplete emptying, among others”.

Regarding surgical intervention in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia, the professional indicated that it is carried out “when the patient persists with symptoms, despite the start of pharmacological treatment, or when they present complications such as acute or chronic urinary retention, renal failure due to obstruction, urinary tract infections, bloody urine or bladder stones”points out the specialist from Nueva Clínica Cordillera.

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Meanwhile, it details that there are different interventions available, whose choice depends on the characteristics of the patient and the center, but that this pathology is integrated into the Explicit Health Guarantees (GES) for patients with symptomatic benign prostatic growth, guaranteeing access to evaluation medical, medical and surgical treatment, and follow-up.

EARLY DETECTION, THE KEY

Dr. Valentina Opazo also refers to prostate cancer and maintains that this “It is a disease that usually occurs in men from the age of 50, and its incidence increases with age”, detailing that it is “a frequent and slow-growing cancer, which generally has a good response to the different treatment options that currently exist”.

He emphasizes that in the early stages of this pathology there are no symptoms, but that it is “in more advanced stages where you could experience difficulties urinating, with a weak or intermittent stream, urinating with blood, kidney disease, bone pain, or other symptoms.

The specialist expresses that, although it is not possible to prevent the appearance of prostate cancer, there are tests that favor its diagnosis, such as ”screening (or screening) with Prostatic Antigen (PSA) and digital rectal examination every 1-2 years”, detailing that it is suggested to start “from the age of 50 in men without a history and from 40 to 45 years in those with a family history or risk factor’s” .

In this sense, the specialist of the medical facility joins the calls of the medical community to receive specialized support in case of feeling discomfort or having risk factors, and adds that, in cases of suspicion, “The diagnosis of cancer is made with a prostate biopsy, which can be transrectal or perineal” and that, once diagnosed, “cancer is staged with CT (scanner) of the chest, abdomen and pelvis, and bone cintigram”.

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