United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has appointed Italo-Swedish Staffan de Mistura as his new Personal Envoy for the Moroccan Sahara, the UN spokesperson said on Wednesday.
This appointment comes after the approval of the Security Council, which was officially seized by Mr. Antonio Guterres.
For its part, Morocco had expressed its support for this appointment after its consultation by the Secretary-General of the United Nations several weeks ago, which the other parties also did.
Mr. de Mistura, who succeeds former German President Horst Köhler in this post, has a mandate to facilitate the exclusively UN process aimed at reaching a political, realistic, pragmatic, lasting and compromise solution to the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara. This solution must comply with Security Council resolutions since 2018, as reaffirmed by the UN Secretary General in his recent report to the Security Council on the Moroccan Sahara.
In the letter of appointment addressed to the Security Council, the Secretary General of the United Nations indicated that Mr. de Mistura will work with Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the “polisario” on the basis of resolution 2548 of October 30. 2021 and other Council resolutions, as well as taking full account of the progress made to date, in order to achieve a political solution to the issue of the Moroccan Sahara.
These Security Council resolutions, mentioned in the Secretary-General’s report, namely 2440, 2468, 2494 and 2548 reaffirmed that the political, realistic, pragmatic and compromise solution is the only way out to the question of the Moroccan Sahara. . Like all those which preceded them, for more than two decades, they definitively buried the referendum and no longer refer to it. At the same time, the pre-eminence of the Autonomy Initiative, within the framework of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom, has been reaffirmed in the 17 resolutions adopted by the Security Council since its presentation in 2007.
In addition, these resolutions established the round tables, with the participation of Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania and the “Polisario”, as the sole framework for conducting the exclusively UN political process. They cite Algeria five times, i.e. as many times as Morocco, devoting Algeria’s role as the main party to the regional dispute over the Moroccan Sahara, and calling on it to show realism and compromise in order to to reach a political solution to this dispute.
In this regard, Mr. de Mistura will have to start his facilitation in the coming weeks. In accordance with his letter of appointment and Security Council resolution 2548, he will begin this facilitation where his predecessor left off, namely the round table process, with its four participants and under the same modalities.