From Dr Sandeep HS

Most of us believe that the air in our homes can breathe safely. However, the room air is sometimes even more polluted than outdoors. Common indoor air pollutants can cause respiratory problems, lung diseases and COPD exacerbations.

Indoor air pollution is an important risk factor for the development of chronic respiratory diseases.

What is COPD?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common, preventable and treatable respiratory disease characterized by persistent symptoms such as coughing, dyspnoea and sputum.

Suffering from persistent coughing? It could be a sign of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Dozens of millions of people around the world suffer from COPD, a life-threatening lung disease that includes multiple conditions such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

COPD: in numbers

More than 400 million people worldwide suffer from COPD. In India, the expected COPD cases are about 15 million, of which 9 million are men and 6 million are women.

COPD is currently the fourth most common cause of death worldwide, accounting for around 6% of all deaths.

risk factors

Smoking is a major risk factor for COPD worldwide. However, there is an increase in cases of non-smoking diseases, especially in developing countries such as India, where indoor air quality is poor.

World No Tobacco Day: Smoking can hurt your eyes, bones and brain

Thrill kills

May 31, 2018

Most smokers believe that smoking is cool. No matter how you treat yourself, tobacco is harmful to your health. Tobacco contains over 7,000 toxins and 70 known carcinogens (chemicals that increase the risk of cancer) and can damage virtually any organ in the body.

Dr. Sachin Kumar, Senior Consultant – Pulmonology at Sakra World Hospital, explains how smoking affects every part of your body.

The next time you're tempted to take a train, just pause for a minute and think about the consequences of your leniency.

It has been proven that passive smoking or Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) contains the same dangerous chemicals as cigarettes, including formaldehyde and carbon monoxide. An estimated 7% of women who use biomass and have never smoked in their lives are suffering from COPD.

The majority of the rural population still rely on biomass for cooking. The smoke emitted by these fuels creates hazardous chemicals that can cause respiratory problems such as COPD when people are exposed to water for extended periods of time.

The other risk factors for people living in the house are common biological pollutants such as mold, pollen, animal hair and dust particles from dust mites.

Can COPD be canceled?

This condition can not be fully reversed, but a healthy lifestyle and appropriate treatment can help control the disease.

Overall, both men and women are exposed to heavy airborne air pollution and are 2-3 times more likely to be diagnosed with respiratory disease. People spend most of their time indoors. Therefore, it is important to take immediate action to improve indoor air quality.

breath-cleanair_ThinkstockPhotos

Steps to improve indoor air quality:
– Wash the sheets regularly to remove the dust mites. It may also be helpful to keep the humidity below 50 percent.

– Do not smoke indoors to improve the air quality.

– Keeping plants in the house can be a health benefit. Various studies suggest that houseplants can significantly reduce indoor air pollution.

– Air filter systems can also be used to improve the indoor air quality. The use of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) instead of biomass fuel for cooking can significantly reduce indoor pollution.

Simple measures to improve air quality in homes and offices can significantly reduce the burden of chronic respiratory disease.

(The author is a pulmonologist at BGS Gleneagles Global Hospitals in Bengaluru.)

Better skin, more savings and other surprising benefits if you refuse to smoke

Kick the butt

June 11, 2018

Normally, the smoke takes only a few minutes. Every time you feel like taking a train, drink plenty of water to reduce the urge.

One of the main reasons for the smoke urge is stress. So keep away from stress by practicing yoga and engaging in therapeutic activities such as dancing, gardening and your favorite sport.

Giving up smoking is the best thing you can do to yourself. If you stop smoking, the risk of cancer and various other diseases can be reduced. However, Pooja Duggal, CEO of HealthHunt, shares five other benefits when he refuses to smoke.

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