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Stonehenge did not have to be a ritual site, the scientist came up with an interesting study

For many years, it was believed that the building was used for ceremonies and rituals rather than as a tool for tracking days, months and seasons. However, a new study by Timothy Darville, a professor of archeology at Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom, concluded that Stonehenge served as a calendar and showed how it could work.

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Stonehenge is made of two types of stone: the larger ones are sarsen and the smaller ones are “blue-stone” monoliths all the way from Wales. They were said to have been erected in Stonehenge five thousand years ago, centuries before larger sarsens were added to them.

The week had ten days

The rings of thirty upright sarsen stones, supporting thirty horizontal translations, represent the days of the month. According to the study, the distinctive stones in the circle mark the beginning of three ten-day weeks (one month).

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Twelve such months would give a total of 360 days, which at first glance does not work. However, the building also includes a group of triliths (structures consisting of two large vertical stones supporting a third stone), which is arranged in the shape of a horseshoe in the middle. According to Darville, these represent the additional five days needed to match the 365-day solar year.

The four smaller stones that lie outside the circle in the rectangle were a way to keep track of the leap year, with one extra day every four years. “Finding the solar calendar at the Stonehenge complex opens up a whole new way of looking at the monument,” a British archaeologist said in a statement.

Unconvincing theory

However, other experts were not convinced by Darville’s study. “Calculations do not fit. Why should the pillars of trilites be equal to one vertical of the sarsen circle, why would they both represent one day? ”Wrote CNN Mike Parker Pearson, a professor at the University of London’s Archaeological Institute and head of the Stonehenge Stones research project.

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The starting point for Darville’s new theory was research that found that all thirty massive sarsen stones came from the same area and were incorporated into the building at the same time. According to him, they should therefore be clearly understood as one unit.

The theory is said to not be questioned by the fact that only 17 of the 30 upright stones are in their original positions today and 22 upper lintels are also missing. Archaeological work on the site claims that this is not because the monument was unfinished, but rather because the massive stones were lost in antiquity.

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A similar type of stone calendar is relatively unknown to us today, but in the past, at about the same time that Stonehenge was built, a similar system was used in ancient Egypt and other cultures of the Eastern Mediterranean. From here, the builders of perhaps the most famous British monument could draw inspiration, Darvill said.

Recent discoveries of graves and artifacts near the Stone Circle have shown that Stonehenge was not only home to one isolated group, but part of a deeply interconnected world.

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