Symptoms and types of breast cancer treatments

This Tuesday, November 2, Mediaset journalist Ana Rosa Quintana announced that she suffers from breast cancer and that you withdraw from the program for a period of time, which you hope will be short, because it requires powerful treatment.

Ana Rosa confirmed the news first thing in the morning during the broadcast of her Telecinco program: “Fortunately it is located, there are no metastasis, but it requires intense treatment that is going to keep me away. Except for vacations, I have never missed an appointment with you, not even in a pandemic. Today I say goodbye for a while, “said the presenter.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide with nearly 10 million deaths in 2020. Approximately one in six deaths in the world is due to this disease. About 70% of cancer deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. During 2020, the type of cancer that had the most new confirmed cases was breast cancer with 2.26 million cases worldwide. The types of cancer that caused the highest number of deaths in 2020 were lung (1.8 million deaths); colorectal (935,000 deaths); liver (830,000 deaths); gastric (769,000 deaths) and breast (685,000 deaths).

Cancer is caused by transformation of normal cells into tumor cells in a multi-stage process which usually consists of the progression from a precancerous lesion to a malignant tumor.

Symptoms of breast cancer

The warning signs of breast cancer can be different for each person. It is vital to see your doctor right away if you have any signs or symptoms that concern you. Some warning signs of breast cancer are:

  • a new lump in the breast or armpit (under the arm). Keep in mind that most breast lumps are caused by other medical conditions. The two most common causes of breast lumps are fibrocystic disease (produces changes in the breasts that are not cancerous) and cysts (small fluid-filled sacs that can form in the breasts).
  • Increased thickness or swelling of part of the breast.
  • Irritation or sagging in the skin of the breast.
  • Redness or peeling in the nipple or breast area.
  • Sinking of the nipple or pain in that area.
  • Secretion of the nipple, other than milk, even blood.
  • Any change in size or the shape of the mother.
  • Pain anywhere in the breast.

Prevention begins with the person himself. The Periodic examinations, both in medical consultations and those carried out personally at home, are vital to discover an early diagnosis and to be able to act sooner on it, which considerably increases the chances of treating the problem.

How is breast cancer treated?

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), breast cancer It is treated in several ways depending on the type of breast cancer and the degree of spread. Typically, people with breast cancer receive more than one type of treatment.

  • Surgery: An operation in which doctors cut cancer tissue.
  • Chemotherapy: based on special drugs to reduce or kill cancer cells. These medications can be pills that are taken or medications that are injected into the veins, or sometimes both.
  • Hormonal therapy: prevents cancer cells from getting the hormones they need to grow.
  • Biological therapy– Works with your body’s immune system to help fight cancer cells or control side effects caused by other cancer treatments. Side effects are the way your body reacts to medicines or other treatments.
  • RadiotherapyHigh-energy rays (similar to X-rays) are used to kill cancer cells.

Can we prevent cancer?

According to the WHO, 30-50% of all cancer cases are preventable. Tobacco smoke has more than 7,000 chemicals – at least 250 are harmful and at least 69 are known to cause cancer. Tobacco use kills more than 8 million people each year from cancer and other diseases, making it the largest avoidable risk factor for cancer mortality.

The Overweight and obesity are also linked to many types of cancer, including esophageal, colorectal, breast, endometrial, and kidney. To minimize these disorders, regular physical activity and a healthy diet is vital. Excess body mass was responsible for 3.4% of cancers in 2012, including 110,000 cases of breast cancer per year. It is considered another risk factor for many types of cancer alcohol consumption, including cancer of the oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, esophagus, liver, colorectal, and breast.