Gout attacks cause severe pain and can lead to kidney disease. We tell how to recognize and cure it.
What is gout?
This disease affects the joints: uric acid salts are deposited in them, which cause inflammation and pain. Salts form cones (tophi) on the skin and kidney stones. Sometimes they can penetrate into other internal organs: for example, in heart valves.
Who can develop gout?
The disease is most often diagnosed in men aged 30 to 50 years. Also at risk are diabetics, hypertensive patients, cores, and patients who take diuretic drugs uncontrollably.
And recently, American doctors from the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota proved that obesity It is also a risk factor: the body of overweight people produces more uric acid, and the kidneys remove it worse.
What is dangerous gout?
In the later stages, the disease can lead to immobilization and deformation of the joints, as well as urolithiasis and kidney failure.
How to recognize it in the early stages?
The first symptom that doctors call severe pain in the big toe: it usually turns red and barely moves. After the fingers, the disease spreads to the knees, elbows, wrists and fingers.
Attacks usually occur at night and last from 3 to 7 days. During these periods, the patient feels pain that cannot be tolerated. Also, he may have a fever and chills.
How to confirm the diagnosis?
At the first symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. He will prescribe biochemistry, as well as blood and urine tests for uric acid levels. To assess the presence and size of the cones, an X-ray or ultrasound scan of the joints is shown.
How to cure gout?
Completely get rid of the disease does not work, however, you can prevent its development and arrest the pain. This is what doctors usually prescribe:
- Painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs;
- Diet to normalize the level of uric acid: the patient is prohibited alcohol, red meat, offal (liver, kidney), legumes and mushrooms;
- Physical therapy: ultraviolet radiation, UHF electric field, impulse currents;
- The operation to remove tophus.
During the exacerbation of a person with gout can be put in hospital.
Is it possible to relieve an attack on your own?
In no case. Self-medication can be fatal.
How to prevent gout?
Just try to live a healthy lifestyle: correctly and eat welldrink enough water and less alcohol, go in for sports and visit doctors on time. This will help prevent not only gout, but many other diseases.
You can learn more about drugs that can trigger the development of gout from plot of the program "Live Healthy"