The French investigation targets acts committed in Syria between 2011 and 2013 against opponents of the regime. Two other Syrians were arrested at the same time in Germany.
A man of Syrian nationality was arrested in the Paris region and placed in police custody on Tuesday, February 12, as part of a preliminary investigation opened in January 2018 for "acts of torture, crimes against humanity and complicity in these crimes. , Said Wednesday at World the parquet floor of Paris. Meanwhile, two other Syrians were arrested the same day in Germany, as part of a joint investigation team signed between France and Germany.
The French investigation, which targets acts committed in Syria between March 2011 and 2013, is directly related to the so-called "César" investigation, opened in September 2015, says the Paris prosecutor's office. In 2014, a former photographer of the Syrian military police, exfiltrated under the pseudonym "Caesar", had revealed photographs of tortured and tortured bodies in the regime's prisons between 2011 and 2013. He fled Syria in 2013, with 55,000 horrific photographs.
The two suspects arrested Tuesday in Germany are former members of the intelligence services of the regime of Bashar al-Assad in the Damascus region. They are suspected of crimes against humanity in 2011 and 2012 against opponents of the Syrian regime, said the federal prosecutor of Karlsruhe.
The oldest of the two suspects arrested in Germany, 56-year-old Anwar R., was reportedly complicit in torture by Syrian secret services in a prison. The second, 42-year-old Eyad A., is believed to have participated in the killing of two people and the torture of at least 2,000 people between July 2011 and January 2012.
The investigators rely in particular on testimonies of victims of these tortures. According to the prosecutor's office, the two Syrians left their country in 2012, before going to Germany and seeking asylum there.
Since the beginning of the Syrian conflict in 2011, Bashar al-Assad's regime has been accused of human rights abuses and has been accused of multiple cases of torture, rape and summary executions.
According to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights (OSHR), at least 60,000 people have died as a result of torture or the terrible conditions of detention in the regime's prisons, and half a million people have been imprisoned in these jails. since 2011. The UN commission of inquiry has repeatedly accused the warring parties of committing war crimes, and in some cases crimes against humanity.