Menopause is a female condition in which the drastic reduction of estrogen can produce bothersome symptoms and also some health risks, including cardiovascular. During this period, the woman must pay more attention to her lifestyle and diet. Precisely for this reason, the medical experts of the portal “Grana Padano Nutritional Education (ENGP)” have worked to develop two programs dedicated to women without particular pathologies, but in menopause. They are called “Calories & Menopause Menu” and “LOVe Diet. for menopause ”, which respectively provide a diet for omnivorous women and one for vegetarians, together with a physical activity program designed to improve women’s health during menopause.
The energy needed for basal metabolism
Diet in menopause: 10 tips for a healthy diet
The experts explained that the software linked to the programs uses a specific algorithm developed to determine the energy necessary for the basal metabolic rate, with reference to the age of the woman, then crossing the values declared by the user with respect to physical activity. practiced. In this way it is possible to establish the daily calories that a woman in menopause should consume. The initiative, among other things, also provides that each diet proposed is accompanied by a physical activity program suitable for both a sedentary person and one who already carries out good physical activity.
A survey on women’s habits
To conclude the project, the experts also relied on a survey by the Grana Padano Nutritional Observatory (OGP) based on eating habits and conducted on 1,682 women between 45 and 60 years old. From the analysis of the data it was reported that 47% of the sample was represented by sedentary women, that 32% spend more than 3-4 hours in front of the television, 72% said they did not do any intense activity, while about a third to do moderate physical activity. The research then found an average Body Mass Index (BMI) of 28, thus highlighting an increased cardiovascular risk, also confirmed by an average waist circumference of 91 cm. And from 88 cm to rise, experts say, “it is considered visceral obesity”. According to Michela Barichella, dietician at the Gaetano Pini hospital in Milan, “in the female population, menopause involves many changes: from the loss of bone and muscle mass, to the increase in body weight and cardiovascular risk,” she said. this phase of life is essential to adapt one’s diet to changes and avoid weight gain ”, he concluded.