The Group of Seven (G-7) made up of Germany, Canada, the United States, France, Italy, Japan and the United Kingdom has committed to delivering billion vaccines to developing countries over the next 12 months with a view to a total, as anticipated by German Chancellor Angela Merkel, of 2.3 billion vaccines by the end of 2022, as they have made known this Sunday in the final communiqué of the summit held in Cornwall (United Kingdom).
In the text, the signatories recall their commitment to “provide a total of more than two billion doses of vaccines” and to “create the appropriate frameworks for strengthen collective defense against threats to global health. “Of these, 870,000 will be delivered” directly “by the G-7 countries over the next year.
To do this, they defend the COVAX mechanism dependent on the UN as “the main route to provide vaccines to the poorest countries “, although they recognize the” urgent need to accelerate the delivery of those doses. “
In addition, they announce a commitment of “collaborate with the private sector, the G-20 and other countries to increase this contribution in the coming months “, to” continue exporting in significant proportions “and” to promote voluntary licenses and global non-profit production “which represents 95% of the contributions to COVAX.
The G-7 expresses its intention to adopt measures to develop “the manufacturing capacity on all continents, improve early warning systems, and science support on a mission to shorten the cycle for the development of safe and effective vaccines, treatments and trials from 300 to 100 days. “
Likewise, the G-7 also supports the initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO) for a new research on origins of the coronavirus pandemic.
“We asked for a timely, transparent, expert-led advice, as well as Phase 2 of the study on the origins (of the pandemic), including China, as recommended by the experts themselves, “according to the final statement.
Michel celebrates that “the EU has taken the reins”
After criticism such as that of former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown for the low figure announced, an “unforgivable moral failure”, the current British president, Boris Johnson, has highlighted at a press conference after the publication of the statement that it is a “enormous amount”. The World Health Organization (WHO) had requested 11 billion doses.
Subsequently, US President Joe Biden has pointed to the possibility of deliver another 1 billion vaccines soon, although it has acknowledged that it is not yet in a position to make a formal announcement in that regard.
Thus, Biden has highlighted the “extraordinarily collaborative” tone of the appointment and has expressed satisfaction regarding the response to China.
For his part, the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, stressed that “the EU partners (in the G-7) have joined to accelerate the production and delivery of vaccines for the whole world”. “The EU has taken the reins”, has underlined.
In addition, the “commitment to Africa” that “must be at the heart of our international relations”, according to “some European leaders”, a “win-win” strategy for Africa and for Europe.
Criticism by the number of doses
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has welcomed the commitment of the Group of Seven (G-7), but has underlined the urgent pandemic situationas more people have died in 2021 than in all of 2020 due to outbreaks in many countries where vaccines remain out of reach, especially in South America, Asia and Africa.
In a harsher tone, Oxfam has directly accused the G-7 of “cooking the numbers” on vaccines because they will only donate 870 million doses. The other 130 million are the “equivalent in dose” of other economic payments.
“They have absolutely failed to meet the needs of the world amid the greatest health emergency of the last century and a climate catastrophe that is destroying our planet, “said Oxfam.” The G-7 summit live in infamy“, has riveted.
In addition, on the commitment that the whole world is vaccinated by the end of 2022, he has reproached them that “care more about protecting monopolies and patents from the pharmaceutical giants. “