MIAMI – May is the month dedicated to reflect on the welfare and raise awareness about the importance of caring for the mental health. Caring for her not only represents individual physical, emotional and mental well-being, these benefits also have an impact on the family and community environment.
Mental illnesses or disorders are conditions that impact a person’s thinking, feelings, mood, and behavior. The condition can be occasional or long-lasting (chronic), affecting patients in their ability to interact with others and in their daily activities, describes the National Library of Medicine (NIH).
According to specialists, mental illness is not determined by just one cause, social, environmental, biological (genes and family history) and psychological factors influence it.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines it as “the state of well-being in which each individual develops his potential, face the stresses of life, work productively and fruitfully, and contribute to their community.”
Medicine has diagnosed depression, anxiety, epilepsy, dementia, schizophrenia and childhood developmental disorders as mental illnesses.
Hand in hand with physical and mental health
The relationship between physical and mental health is very close. According to specialists, there is a wide variety of pathologies that can result in mental disorders, among which heart, immunological and neurological diseases predominate.
One of the most common examples, according to the medical journal of the ABC Neurological Center, are diabetic patients, a condition that has a prevalence in 10% of the population and that causes depressive disorders and secondary personality changes in patients. Another example is patients with cerebrovascular disease, more than 50% have mental disorders, mainly mood disorders.
A WHO study establishes that two of the most common mental health disorders are depression and anxiety. It indicates that depression has become one of the leading causes of disability. While suicide is the second leading cause of death among people aged 15-29, and people with severe mental health disorders die prematurely from preventable physical illnesses.
In the United States, one in five adults will experience a mental illness in their lifetime. Some 10 million Americans are living with a serious mental disorder that includes anxiety, depression, and bipolar disorder, the three most common mental health disorders in the country.
According to the American Anxiety and Depression Association, these disorders are highly treatable, but “only about 37 percent of those affected receive treatment.”
According to that association, it’s common to be diagnosed with anxiety and depression at some point in people’s lives, and symptoms can include excessive worry, agitation, restlessness, fatigue, tense muscles, trouble sleeping, and panic attacks. The diagnosis of anxiety can only be made by a doctor.
Recovery from this type of illness can only be achieved with specialized attention in a timely manner, but the stigma around mental health stops people from seeking medical help, although according to specialists this has changed over time, but still There is still a long way to go to become aware of the need to take care of mental health and its importance in people’s environment.
Taking care of mental health is the guarantee of a better quality of life.
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