The National Energy and Climate Plan, written three years ago, envisages the construction of 6 GW of solar energy capacity by 2030, however, we have long been of the opinion that such an explosive technology will not follow unitary state plan numbers, but will go its own way to describe an exponential growth trajectory. Therefore, we were not surprised that in the climate plan The 2.5 GW capacity planned for 2025 was already completed last year.
In the last year or two, it has been said by experts close to the government that we will be able to reach the 2030 target much sooner, but it is no longer really a question of what comes next and what numbers the ministry calculates?
Why is it important what decision makers expect? Because it determines the direction of major public investment. When the decision to invest in Paks, for example, was made, MAVIR’s long-term network development plans were based on an insignificant amount of solar energy, as the technology was still too expensive at the time and there would be no substantial investment without significant state subsidies.
No one up here predicted that demand would grow exponentially due to exponentially declining prices.
Network (non-) development is another area that is very strongly influenced by the energy vision. A completely different network is needed if we are planning a network based on large, centralized power plants, and a different investment is needed for a decentralized system based on weather-dependent producers. The question is: which direction should we take when deciding to spend billions?
If perception and reality are very different, chances are we are misusing our resources, which the economy will ultimately suffer from higher energy prices, and we will be in a hurry, like Bernat, to make up for missed developments. . Of course, it’s still better late than never.
After so many detours, let’s finally get to the government’s freshly updated plans, because some information about this came to light this week as well.
Speaking at the Huawei Tech4Green – Digital Power Summit conference, László Palkovics, Minister of Technology and Industry, stated that It is estimated that 12-13 GW of solar energy capacity will be built by 2030, which means that the original target for the National Energy and Climate Plan lasted for two and a half years before doubling.
In addition to solar energy, he also spoke about other areas of development, such as the use of flexible gas technologies, the maintenance of nuclear capacity, biogas production, the development of the electricity grid (energy storage, conventional grid development, smart solutions) and the hydrogen ecosystem. He also said that in addition to the conversion of the Mátra power plant, the ministry is also considering the possibility of incorporating the area with solar panels.
The issue of energy storage cannot be avoided. In addition, the government’s other key economic objective is to strengthen the electromobility sector with a focus on public transport.
We could have said that, but now, exceptionally, it was not us, but László Palkovics.
We have even learned from the minister that the state will spend € 7.3 billion on network development in the near future. The construction of new production capacities and the development of alternative sources that trigger Russian energy imports will cost EUR 1.7-1.7 billion, while the use of renewable and other sources will cost EUR 1.3 billion (Bernát and the case of stallions).
Péter Kaderják also spoke at the conference about the importance of energy storage, although as the managing director of the Hungarian Battery Association, this was expected somewhere: “Energy storage is a key technology of the green switchover, as part of which battery energy storage and related industry investments have started to grow significantly in Hungary in the recent period. Renewable energy systems, whether for industrial, domestic and transport use, are highly dynamic segments, and in order to provide capacity and develop flexibility, a significant amount of tender support is expected in the future specifically for the construction of energy storage facilities.”
It is especially welcome that subsidies specifically for the construction of energy storage facilities may be announced in the coming weeks: a HUF 38 billion framework for distribution system operators and the transmission system operator, and a HUF 35 billion support framework for market participants.
We also know from the press release of the ministry that from this amount the development of electricity storage capacity of approximately 500 MW can be realizedwhich is roughly twenty times the amount currently available.
Cover image: MTI / Lajos Soós