"The bottom line is that we are given the means to help countries that actually host refugees"

The UN High Commissioner for Refugees looks back on the EU's difficulties in finding a common solution to the migration crisis and is worried about the decline in solidarity in Europe.

Filippo Grandi visits a health center that hosts Venezuelan migrants in Tumbes, northern Peru, on October 11, 2018.

At the head of the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) since 2016, Filippo Grandi calls on the European Union (EU) to preserve the right of asylum and considers that the return of Syrian refugees to their country will be dropper.

The migratory crisis has been tearing the European Union apart since 2015. It seems to have taken a back seat. Is the problem fixed?

There has been excessive manipulation by those who spoke of invasion, the end of European identity or security threats. Now that political interest is shifting, the risk is not doing what it takes to better manage these population movements. Europe has not yet given all the answers. However, a postponement can only aggravate the situation in case of a new crisis.

"Controlled centers" and "landing platforms" intended to centralize the treatment of asylum seekers appear deadlocked …

The Dublin Convention, designed to avoid "asylum tourism" by providing for the first host country to handle asylum applications, is being tested by the numerous arrivals in a few countries, which have found penalized compared to others. We must move on. There was a lot of talk about the 28 states, but it does not work because only a few countries are ready. Less than 100,000 people arrived in Europe in 2018, it is manageable.

The taking over by States of part of the passengers of theAquarius, for example, looks like a form of sharing, except that each new boat has turned into a crisis. Such a system should be decided beforehand. The problem is the lack of consensus on where this sharing should be done. It is not up to UNHCR to determine where these reception and reception centers should be, but to Europe. The role of UNHCR is to give all the instruments …

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