On September 26, 2016, the then president of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, and the last FARC commander, Rodrigo Londoño, signed a peace agreement in Cartagena to end half a century of armed conflict but today, five years later, uncertainty marks the path of its implementation.
That agreement suffered its first setback just six days later when it was narrowly rejected in a plebiscite, which forced the reopening of negotiations for a new final document that was signed on November 24, 2016 in Bogotá and it is the one that is being implemented today, a task of 15 years.
According to the latest report from the Kroc Institute of the University of Notre Dame (United States), specialized in peace studies and a member of the international component of verification of the Colombian agreement, the implementation shows a “Dynamics of few changes, but oriented to achieve long and medium term goals”.
That document, presented in May, pointed out that behind were the accelerated changes in the process registered in the first two years after the signing, in which most of the commitments of short term, essential to lay the foundations for implementation.
“I think that some opinions have been making a career out there that the agreement has already died. I don’t think so, those are fantasies. Nor do I believe that the agreement, neither this nor any, will ever be implemented 100%, ”professor and researcher Alejo Vargas, from the Department of Political Science of the National University, told EFE.
The debts of the peace agreement five years after signing
The greatest drag on the implementation of the peace agreement has been violence against ex-guerrillas, since 286 have been murdered since then according to the Comunes party. arisen from the demobilization of the Farc.
“Being reinstated involves a stigma, especially when the ruling party itself insists on the ignorance of the agreement. That undoubtedly affects their families. To the point that some of them, painfully, are not comfortable with the return of the ex-combatant “said Rodrigo Londoño, who today is president of Comunes, in an interview with the newspaper El Tiempo.
However, the ex-guerrillas have also been questioned for their lack of commitment to repairing the victims, Well, just this week there was a controversy because a senator from Commons, Sandra Ramírez, reopened wounds in the country by saying that those who were kidnapped had “Comforts tailored to conditions” they were in.
The victims rejected these statements, which, they said, are re-victimizing them and denote that the former guerrilla, at times, does not seem to have a serious commitment to reparation and reconciliation.
For Vargas, the ex-guerrillas are committed “With regard to their disarmament and demobilization and in that it must be said that there is almost 100% compliance”, despite the existence of FARC dissidents that took up arms or never abandoned them.
“But evidently their commitment did not end there. Their commitment continues, as well as that of the State, in terms of contributing to the Comprehensive Peace System on issues of truth and on issues of reparation and reconciliation ”, manifested.
In this context, today the peace agreement continues its implementation that, with all the nuances that have marked the last five years, cradically changed the present and the future of Colombia, who longs to heal the wounds of the past but refuses to leave violence behind.